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Reelin controls neuronal positioning in the developing brain by binding to the two lipoprotein receptors, very-low-density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein E receptor 2, to stimulate phosphorylation of Disabled-1 (Dab1) by the Fyn and Src tyrosine kinases. Crk and Crk-like (CrkL) have been proposed to interact with tyrosine phosphorylated Dab1 to(More)
Effects of protein kinase C on protein stability and activity of rat AANAT were investigated in vitro and in vivo. When COS-7 cells transfected with AANAT cDNA were treated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), both the activity and protein level of AANAT were increased. These effects of PMA were blocked by GF109203X, a specific inhibitor of PKC.(More)
Disabled-1 (Dab1) is a cytosolic adaptor protein that plays critical roles in cortical development. However, a detailed mechanism of action has not yet been clearly defined. Through yeast two-hybrid screening, we observed that mouse Siah-1A, an E3 ubiquitin ligase containing a RING finger motif, interacts with Dab1. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments and in(More)
The Crk adaptor protein, which is encoded by two splice variants termed CrkI and CrkII, contains both SH2 and SH3 domains but no catalytic region. It is thought to function in signal transduction processes involved in growth regulation, cell transformation, cell migration, and cell adhesion. Although the function of Crk has been studied in considerable(More)
Agrin, released by motor neurons, promotes neuromuscular synapse formation by stimulating MuSK, a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in skeletal muscle. Phosphorylated MuSK recruits docking protein-7 (Dok-7), an adaptor protein that is expressed selectively in muscle. In the absence of Dok-7, neuromuscular synapses fail to form, and mutations that impair(More)
The morphology of healthy podocyte foot processes is necessary for maintaining the characteristics of the kidney filtration barrier. In most forms of glomerular disease, abnormal filter barrier function results when podocytes undergo foot process spreading and retraction by remodeling their cytoskeletal architecture and intercellular junctions during a(More)
We previously reported that the aqueous extract from a medicinal plant Dryobalanops aromatica specifically inhibits the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) (Oh et al. Pharmacol Res 2000;42(6):559-64). Here, the effect of borneol, the main constituent of D. aromatica, on nAChR activity was investigated in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Borneol(More)
Activation of the slit diaphragm protein nephrin induces actin cytoskeletal remodeling, resulting in lamellipodia formation in podocytes in vitro in a phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase-, focal adhesion kinase-, Cas-, and Crk1/2-dependent fashion. In mice, podocyte-specific deletion of Crk1/2 prevents or attenuates foot process effacement in two models of(More)
Excessive demands on the protein-folding capacity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) cause irremediable ER stress and contribute to cell loss in a number of cell degenerative diseases, including type 2 diabetes and neurodegeneration. The signals communicating catastrophic ER damage to the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery remain poorly understood. We used a(More)
Effector T cell migration into inflamed sites greatly exacerbates tissue destruction and disease severity in inflammatory diseases, including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). T cell migration into such sites depends heavily on regulated adhesion and migration, but the signaling pathways that coordinate these functions downstream of chemokine receptors are(More)