Learn More
The restriction point (R-point) marks the critical event when a mammalian cell commits to proliferation and becomes independent of growth stimulation. It is fundamental for normal differentiation and tissue homeostasis, and seems to be dysregulated in virtually all cancers. Although the R-point has been linked to various activities involved in the(More)
The transition of the mammalian cell from quiescence to proliferation is a highly variable process. Over the last four decades, two lines of apparently contradictory, phenomenological models have been proposed to account for such temporal variability. These include various forms of the transition probability (TP) model and the growth control (GC) model,(More)
The transcription factor Myc plays a central role in regulating cell-fate decisions, including proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. To maintain a normal cell physiology, it is critical that the control of Myc dynamics is precisely orchestrated. Recent studies suggest that such control of Myc can be achieved at the post-translational level via protein(More)
Recent studies have shown that proximal arrangement of multiple genes can have complex effects on gene expression. For example, in the case of heterologous gene expression modules, certain arrangements of the selection marker and the gene expression cassette may have unintended consequences that limit the predictability and interpretability of module(More)
Synthetic biology has emerged as a useful approach to decoding fundamental laws underlying biological control. Recent efforts have produced many exciting systems and generated substantial insights. These progresses highlight the potential of synthetic biology to impact diverse areas including biology, computation, engineering, and medicine. Biological(More)
Advances in genetic engineering of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) have made this organism an attractive candidate for gene delivery vehicle. However, proliferation and transport behaviors of E. coli in three-dimensional (3D) tumor environment are still unclear. To this end, we developed a novel microfluidics-based tumor model that permitted(More)
Many cellular decision processes, including proliferation, differentiation, and phenotypic switching, are controlled by bistable signaling networks. In response to transient or intermediate input signals, these networks allocate a population fraction to each of two distinct states (e.g. OFF and ON). While extensive studies have been carried out to analyze(More)
Pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria and Yersinia gain initial entry by binding to host target cells and stimulating their internalization. Bacterial uptake entails successive, increasingly strong associations between receptors on the surface of bacteria and hosts. Even with genetically identical cells grown in the same environment, there are vast(More)
Mathematical models are increasingly prevalent in systems biology with the goal of providing predictions and insight that may be less accessible by intuition alone. However, analysis of these models can be challenging because they are often defined by a large number of parameters and non-linear interactions between components. While brute-force numerical(More)