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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a crucial step in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is an attractive target in liver fibrosis because it plays a key role in gene expression and cell differentiation. We have developed a HDAC inhibitor, N-hydroxy-7-(2-naphthylthio)heptanomide (HNHA), and(More)
Electrical stimulation (ES) can activate diverse biostimulatory responses in a range of tissues. Of various forms of ES, the application of biphasic electric current (BEC) is a new approach to bone formation. This study is to investigate the effects and mechanism of action of BEC in osteoblast differentiation and cytokine production in human mesenchymal(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper examined the efficacy of an implantable electrical stimulator in rats for the functional regeneration of peripheral nerves. MATERIALS AND METHODS The implantable electrical stimulator was fabricated on a polyimide-based conduit with an integrated electrode, a stimulation chip, and a battery; 3 mg/mL of collagen gel was coated onto the(More)
We investigated whether electrical stimulation (ES) applied directly for 30 minutes after crushing injury to the sciatic nerves of rats could improve nerve regeneration. Two groups of animals were used in this study (n = 20 each): the ES group received 30 minutes of low intensity ES (20 Hz pulse rate, 2 uA amplitude) immediately after a standard crush(More)
Reliable wireless power delivery for implantable devices in animals is highly desired for safe and effective experimental use. Batteries require frequent replacement; wired connections are inconvenient and unsafe, and short-distance inductive coupling requires the attachment of an exterior transmitter to the animal’s body. In this article, we propose a(More)
This paper presents functional regeneration of severed peripheral nerve using a polymer-based implantable electrical stimulator. A polyimide based conduit electrode was made by micro-fabrication and a stimulation chip was designed to generate biphasic current pulse for electrical stimulation. The stimulation chip was packaged with a battery using silicone(More)
A dental implant is a unique structure which can be used with a noninvasive method because it is inserted into the bone in part and extended extracorporally. This study presents an electronic device that is temporarily connected with the dental implant, and reports its effect on accelerating bone formation in the surrounding tissues in a canine mandibular(More)
Neuroinflammation is implicated for dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Sulfur compounds extracted from garlic have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. Previously, we have investigated that thiacremonone, a sulfur compound isolated from garlic has anti-inflammatory effects on several inflammatory disease models. To investigate the protective effect(More)
A century after its first synthesis in 1914, black phosphorus has been attracting significant attention as a promising two-dimensional material in recent years due to its unique properties. Nowadays, with the development of its exfoliation method, there are extensive applications of black phosphorus in transistors, batteries and optoelectronics. Though,(More)
  • Tae H Lee, Ju H Park, H Y Jung, O M Kwon, S M Lee
  • 2014
This paper concerns with the problem of delay-dependent stability analysis of time-delay systems. By help of Wirtinger based inequality which gives very close estimating bound of Jensen's inequality, an extended inequality is proposed. Using the new inequality and tuning parameters, a generalized criterion for stability of time-delay systems is established.(More)