Tae-Hyun Kim

Learn More
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of microglia in radiation-induced astrocyte gliosis. We found that a single dose of 15 Gy radiation to a whole rat brain increased immunostaining of glial fibrillary acidic protein in astrocytes 6 h later, and even more so 24 h later, indicating the initiation of gliosis. While irradiation of cultured rat(More)
The gene expression of glucose transporter type 4 isoform (GLUT4) is known to be controlled by metabolic, nutritional, or hormonal status. Understanding the molecular mechanisms governing GLUT4 gene expression is critical, because glucose disposal in the body depends on the activities of GLUT4 in the muscle and adipocytes. The GLUT4 activities are regulated(More)
Liver glucokinase (LGK) plays an essential role in controlling blood glucose levels and maintaining cellular metabolic functions. Expression of LGK is induced mainly regulated by insulin through sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) as a mediator. Since LGK expression is known to be decreased in the liver of liver X receptor (LXR) knockout(More)
The sigH gene of Corynebacterium glutamicum encodes ECF sigma factor sigmaH. The gene apparently plays an important role in other stress responses as well as heat stress response. In this study, we found that deleting the sigH gene made C. glutamicum cells sensitive to the thiol-specific oxidant diamide. In the sigH mutant strain, the activity of(More)
Glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) is a key enzyme that is responsible for the production of glucose in the liver during fasting or in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). During fasting or in T2DM, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is activated, which may contribute to increased hepatic glucose output. However, the mechanism by which PPARα(More)
PURPOSE To look for the possible efficacy of external beam irradiation (EBRT) for locally advanced papillary thyroid cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between August 1981 and September 1997, 91 patients with locally advanced papillary thyroid cancers (pathologic Stage T4 or N1) were treated with surgical resection. After surgery, 23 patients received(More)
BACKGROUND Curcumin, a major yellow pigment and active component of turmeric powder extracted from Curcuma longa L. (Gingiberaceae), has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities. Protease-activated receptors (PARs) play a role in inflammation, and human leukemic mast cells (HMC-1) co-express PAR2 and PAR4. In the present study, the(More)
The mechanism of how PPARgamma decrease gluconeogenic gene expressions in liver is still unclear. Since PPARgamma is a transcriptional activator, it requires a mediator to decrease the transcription of gluconeogenic genes. Recently, SHP has been shown to mediate the bile acid-dependent down regulation of gluconeogenic gene expression in liver. This led us(More)
Proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is cleaved and activated by trypsin or mast cell tryptase, and may play an important role in inflammation. We have investigated the potential of PAR2 agonists to modulate TNF-alpha secretion from human astrocytoma cell line CCF-STTG1. We found that CCF-STTG1 expresses PAR2 by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Agonists(More)
In this study, we have analyzed an ORF from Corynebacterium glutamicum, which codes for a homologue of the Streptomyces coelicolor WhiB-family of proteins known to be involved in sporulation. This ORF encoded a putative protein which harbors a helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif and a probable redox-sensing motif, and has been designated whcE. We constructed(More)