Learn More
The discovery of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) answered the long-standing biophysical question of how water specifically crosses biological membranes. In the kidney, at least seven aquaporins are expressed at distinct sites. AQP1 is extremely abundant in the proximal tubule and descending thin limb and is essential for urinary concentration. AQP2 is exclusively(More)
Aquaporin (AQP) water-channel proteins are freely permeated by water but not by ions or charged solutes. Although mammalian aquaporins were believed to be located in plasma membranes, rat AQP6 is restricted to intracellular vesicles in renal epithelia. Here we show that AQP6 is functionally distinct from other known aquaporins. When expressed in Xenopus(More)
All characterized mammalian aquaporins (AQPs) are localized to plasma membranes where they function chiefly to mediate water transport across cells. Here we show that AQP6 is localized exclusively in intracellular membranes in renal epithelia. By using a polyclonal antibody to the C terminus of AQP6, immunoblots revealed a major 30-kDa band in membranes(More)
The aims of this study were to determine the cellular and subcellular localization of aquaporin-9 (AQP9) in different rat organs by immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy. To analyze this, we used rabbit antibodies to rat AQP9 raised against three different AQP9 peptides (amino acids 267-287, 274-295, and 278-295). In Cos7 cells(More)
Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunit (alpha, beta, and gamma) mRNA and protein have been localized to the principal cells of the connecting tubule (CNT), cortical collecting duct (CCD), and outer medullary collecting duct (OMCD) in rat kidney. However, the subcellular localization of ENaC subunits in the principal cells of these cells is undefined. The(More)
Ischemia-induced acute renal failure (ARF) is known to be associated with significant impairment of tubular Na reabsorption. We examined whether temporary bilateral renal ischemia (30, 40, or 60 min) and reperfusion (1-5 days) affect the abundance of several renal Na transporters and urinary Na excretion (U(Na)V) in rats. In rats with mild ARF (30 min),(More)
To determine the immunolocalization of ClC-5 in the mouse kidney, we developed a ClC-5-specific rat monoclonal antibody. Immunoblotting demonstrated an 85-kDa band of ClC-5 in the kidney and ClC-5 transfected cells. Immunocytochemistry revealed significant labeling of ClC-5 in brush-border membrane and subapical intracellular vesicles of the proximal(More)
ATP has been recognized as an important extracellular signaling molecule and P2X receptors are membrane ion channels activated by the binding of extracellular ATP. Since both AQP4 and P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) are known to be present in astrocytes, we examined whether P2X7R activation plays a role in the regulation of AQP4 expression in astrocytes.(More)
The discovery of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) by Agre and associates answered the longstanding biophysical question of how water specifically crosses biological membranes. In the kidney at least 7 aquaporins are expressed at distinct sites. AQP1 is extremely abundant in the proximal tubule and descending thin limb and is essential for urinary concentration. AQP2 is(More)
To identify biomarker candidates associated with early IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN), the most common causes presenting isolated hematuria in childhood, a proteomic approach of urinary exosomes from early IgAN and TBMN patients was introduced. The proteomic results from the patients were compared with a normal group to(More)