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Transglutaminase2 (TG2) is a multi-functional protein involved in various cellular processes, including apoptosis, differentiation, wound healing, and angiogenesis. The malfunction of TG2 causes many human disease including inflammatory disease, celiac disease, neurodegenerative diseases, tissue fibrosis, and cancers. Protein cross-linking activity, which(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are responsible for recognition of particular pathogens during the innate immune response and cytoplasmic Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain responsible for downstream signaling. TLR6 working with TLR2 can detect bacterial lipoprotein leading signal for nuclear factor-kappaB activation for immune response. To better(More)
Caspase-2 is critical for genotoxic stress induced apoptosis and is activated by formation of the PIDDosome, an oligomeric caspase-2 activating complex. The PIDDosome comprises three protein components, PIDD, RAIDD, and caspase-2. RAIDD contains both a death domain (DD) and a caspase recruitment domain (CARD). It acts as the bridge to recruit PIDD using the(More)
Omega-transaminase (ω-TA) catalyzes the transfer of an amino group from a non-alpha-position amino acid or an amine compound with no carboxylic group to an amino acceptor. ω-TA from Vibrio fluvialis JS17 (ω-TAVf) is a novel amine:pyruvate transaminase that is capable of stereoselective transamination of aryl chiral amines. In this study, omega-TAVf was(More)
Caspases are cysteine proteases that are essential during the initiation and execution of apoptosis and inflammation. The formation of large oligomeric protein complexes is critical to the activation of caspases in apoptotic and inflammatory signaling pathways. These oligomeric protein complexes function as a platform to recruit caspases, which leads to(More)
Caspase-2 activation by formation of PIDDosome is critical for genotoxic stress induced apoptosis. PIDDosome is composed of three proteins, RAIDD, PIDD, and Caspase-2. RAIDD is an adaptor protein containing an N-terminal Caspase-Recruiting-Domain (CARD) and a C-terminal Death-Domain (DD). Its interactions with Caspase-2 and PIDD through CARD and DD(More)
The Death Domain (DD) superfamily, which is one of the largest classes of protein interaction modules, plays a pivotal role in apoptosis, inflammation, necrosis and immune cell signaling pathways. Because aberrant or inappropriate DD superfamily-mediated signaling events are associated with various human diseases, such as cancers, neurodegenerative diseases(More)
Receptor interaction protein kinase 1 (RIP1) is a molecular cell-fate switch. RIP1, together with Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) and caspase-8, forms the RIPoptosome that activates apoptosis. RIP1 also associates with RIP3 to form the necrosome that triggers necroptosis. The RIPoptosome assembles through interactions between the death(More)
FSP27 (CIDE-3 in humans) plays critical roles in lipid metabolism and apoptosis and is known to be involved in regulation of lipid droplet (LD) size and lipid storage and apoptotic DNA fragmentation. Given that CIDE-containing proteins including FSP27 are associated with many human diseases including cancer, aging, diabetes, and obesity, studies of FSP27(More)
The death domain (DD) superfamily comprising the death domain (DD) subfamily, the death effector domain (DED) subfamily, the caspase recruitment domain (CARD) subfamily and the pyrin domains (PYD) subfamily is one of the largest classes of protein interaction modules and plays a pivotal role in the apoptosis, inflammation, and immune cell signaling(More)