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OBJECTIVE Progranulin is an important molecule in inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation is frequently associated with central obesity and associated disturbances; however, the role of circulating progranulin in human obesity, type 2 diabetes, and dyslipidemia is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS For the measurement of progranulin serum(More)
OBJECTIVE. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) may facilitate tissue sampling for histopathological diagnosis of subepithelial tumors (SETs) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, immunohistochemistry is not always feasible using EUS-FNA samples due to the low quality of specimens often obtained by aspiration. This(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder. Recently, a novel endoscopic technique, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), was introduced as an alternative treatment for achalasia. We report the results and short term outcomes of POEM for patients with achalasia. METHODS POEM was performed in 13 patients with achalasia. The procedure(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of residual renal function (RRF) contributes to anaemia, inflammation and malnutrition and is also a strong predictor of mortality in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. However, the role of RRF on peritonitis is not yet clearly established. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of RRF on the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Pathophysiological causes of the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy are not well known, but the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism has been proposed to be involved in its development and progression. METHODS The impact of insertion/deletion (I/D) genotypes on the progression of diabetic nephropathy in 239(More)
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a standard treatment in early gastric cancer (EGC) patients with negligible risk of lymph node metastasis. However, there are limited data regarding the long-term outcomes of ESD in comparison with surgery. This study aimed to compare the overall, recurrence-free, and metachronous cancer-free(More)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene DD homozygote has been suggested to be a significant risk factor for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We analyzed clinical parameters and ACE genotype distribution between type 2 diabetic patients at the extremes of renal risk, i.e. an end-stage renal failure (ESRF) group (n = 103, group 1) who were on(More)
Amyloid beta (Aβ) plays a major role in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and neuroinflammatory processes mediated by Aβ plaque-induced microglial cells and astrocytes contribute to AD pathogenesis. The present study examined human placenta amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs), which have potent immunomodulatory and paracrine effects in a Tg2576(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is associated with the development of various structural and functional changes to the peritoneal membrane when bioincompatible conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs) are used. In this study, we looked at patients that were treated with conventional PDFs and then changed to novel biocompatible PDFs with(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of Lycii Radicis Cortex (LRC) and betaine (BT) on immobility and neurochemical change in the forced swimming test (FST) in the rat. LRC, BT or fluoxentine was administered intraperitoneally to Sprague-Dawley rats three times (1, 5 and 23.5 h) before the FST. To investigate antidepressant-like(More)