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CC This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The reflux of gastric content is more likely to(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effectiveness of cyclosporine 0.05% for dry eye after cataract surgery. METHODS Thirty-two newly diagnosed patients with dry eye syndrome 1 week after cataract surgery received a twice-daily treatment of cyclosporine 0.05% for one eye and normal saline 0.9% for the other. Disease severity was measured at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months,(More)
— This paper investigates distributed fault restoration techniques for multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) to automatically reroute label switched paths in the event of link or router failures while maintaining quality of service (QoS) requirements. Protocols for path and partial path restoration are evaluated. A backup route selection algorithm based on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of the diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) by the Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ), family practitioners, gastroenterologists and a test of esomeprazole therapy. METHODS This was a single-blind, single-arm study over 3-4 weeks from September 2005 to November 2006. Each(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It is unclear whether the risk factors associated with complicated diverticulitis in Asian and Western countries are the same. We evaluated the risk factors associated with severe diverticulitis (SD) in Korea and compared the clinical characteristics of diverticulitis according to location. METHODS A retrospective review of 190 patients(More)
PURPOSE The transobturator adjustable tape (TOA) allows adjustment of tension after surgical intervention, thus permitting correction of postoperative incontinence or obstruction. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of TOA versus transobturator tape (TOT) for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence with intrinsic sphincter(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and preoperative glycemic control on prognosis in Korean patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 566 patients who underwent RNU at six institutions between 2004 and 2014 were(More)
PURPOSE Ultrasound (US) is highly sensitive in the detection of renal masses. However, it may not be able to differentiate benign and malignant lesions in smaller masses. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for small renal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2011 to December(More)
PURPOSE To assess the long-term follow-up results of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty-five patients (mean age, 43.8 years) who underwent standard laparoscopic pyeloplasty by transperitoneal approaches were enrolled in this study. The chief complaint was flank pain (n=57 patients); the remaining(More)
HAIPE is a primary encryption technology in the Department of Defense (DoD) Networks and has been a critical architecture component of net-centric operation. It is a fairly new encryption technology similar to Internet Protocol Security (IPSec), and it is not easy to teach different components of HAIPE in a traditional classroom environment. However,(More)