Taduru L. Sreenath

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Dental enamel is the hardest tissue in the body and cannot be replaced or repaired, because the enamel secreting cells are lost at tooth eruption. X-linked amelogenesis imperfecta (MIM 301200), a phenotypically diverse hereditary disorder affecting enamel development, is caused by deletions or point mutations in the human X-chromosomal amelogenin gene.(More)
Dentin sialophosphoprotein (Dspp) is mainly expressed in teeth by the odontoblasts and preameloblasts. The Dspp mRNA is translated into a single protein, Dspp, and cleaved into two peptides, dentin sialoprotein and dentin phosphoprotein, that are localized within the dentin matrix. Recently, mutations in this gene were identified in human dentinogenesis(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) null mice exhibit a unique phenotype characterized by perinatal mortality, disrupted cerebral cortical layering attributable to abnormal neuronal migration, lack of cerebellar foliation, and chromatolytic changes of neurons in the brainstem and the spinal cord. Because Cdk5 is expressed in both neurons and astrocytes, it has(More)
BACKGROUND Hox genes encode transcriptional regulatory proteins that are largely responsible for establishing the body plan of all metazoan organisms. A subset of Hox genes is expressed during the period of organogenesis and into adulthood. hoxb-13 is a recently-described member of the Hox gene family that is expressed in the spinal cord, hindgut, and(More)
Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), a major non-collagenous matrix protein of odontoblasts, is proteolytically cleaved into dentin sialoprotein (DSP) and dentin phosphoprotein (DPP). Our previous studies revealed that DSPP null mice display a phenotype similar to human autosomal dominant dentinogenesis imperfecta, in which teeth have widened predentin and(More)
Amelogenins, major components of developing enamel, are predominantly involved in the formation of tooth enamel. Although amelogenins are also implicated in cementogenesis, their precise spatial expression pattern and molecular role are not clearly understood. Here, we report for the first time the expression of two alternate splice forms of amelogenins,(More)
Cbfa1/Runx2 is an essential transcription factor for osteoblast and odontoblast differentiation. Heterogeneous mutations of Cbfa1 gene result in cleidocranial dysplasia, an autosomal dominant syndrome, characterized by abnormal skeletal genesis and dental disorders. Recently three Cbfa1/Runx isoforms (Pebp2 alpha A/type I, til-1/type II, and Osf2/type III)(More)
Gene targeting to disrupt gene expression in a temporal and spatial manner in a specific tissue using Cre recombinase-mediated gene inactivation has been proven to be useful to study in vivo gene function. To delete genes specifically in neurons during the late phase of brain development, we have generated transgenic mouse lines that express Cre recombinase(More)
The enzymes that comprise the family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) share the capacity to degrade extracellular matrix components. A large body of evidence indicates that certain members of this metalloproteinase gene family play critical roles in determining the malignant phenotype of solid tumors. We previously have derived transformed cell lines(More)
Cocaine, a drug of abuse, increases synaptic dopamine levels in the striatum by blocking dopamine reuptake at axon terminals. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) and its activator p35, proteins involved in phosphorylation of substrates in postmitotic neurons, have been found to be up-regulated after chronic exposure to cocaine. To further examine the effects(More)