Tadimeti S. Rao

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Demyelination is a hallmark of several human diseases, including multiple sclerosis. To understand better the process of demyelination and remyelination, we explored the use of an in vitro organotypic cerebellar slice culture system. Parasagittal slices of postnatal Day 10 (P10) rat cerebella cultured in vitro demonstrated significant myelination after 1(More)
FTY720 is a prodrug for FTY-phosphate, an agonist at four of the five known receptors for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). We show that administration of either FTY720 or FTY-P to SJL mice with established relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE) results in a rapid and sustained improvement in their clinical status, and a reversal of(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (1-acyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphate; LPA) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) are bioactive phospholipids which respectively act as agonists for the G-protein-coupled lpA receptors (LPA1, LPA2, and LPA3) and s1p receptors (S1P1, S1P2, S1P3, S1P4, and S1P5), collectively referred to as lysophospholipid receptors (lpR). Since astrocytes(More)
We used a simple commercial magnetic immunobead method for the preparation of acutely isolated microglial cells from postnatal days 1-3 rat brain. With the exception of a 15 min enzyme incubation, all stages are carried out at 4 degrees C, minimizing the opportunity for changes in gene expression during the isolation to be reflected in changes in(More)
The effects of topical application of arachidonic acid (AA) or phorbol ester, tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), on edema response, vascular permeability, MPO, NAG, and generation of eicosanoids were studied in two murine models of cutaneous inflammation. AA produced a short-lived edema response with a rapid onset that was associated with marked(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) have been proposed to play a key role in oligodendrocyte maturation and myelinogenesis. In this study, we examined lysophospholipid receptor gene expression in differentiated rat oligodendrocyte cultures and signaling downstream of lysophospholipid receptor activation by LPA and S1P.(More)
Several potent and selective inhibitors of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) have been recently developed with excellent activity in certain in vivo assays of leukotriene production. The efficacy of three such inhibitors that have been in clinical trials (zileuton, A-78773 and ZD2138) were evaluated in: 1) ex vivo whole blood assay, 2) dermal Arthus reaction, and 3)(More)
Interactions of the potent phencyclidine receptor agonist MK-801 with the dopaminergic system were examined in various brain regions in the rat. MK-801 increased dopamine (DA) metabolism in the pyriform cortex, entorhinal cortex, prefrontal cortex, striatum, olfactory tubercle, amygdala, and septum without affecting DA metabolism in the cingulate cortex and(More)
Intraperitoneal administration of zymosan to mice resulted in marked biosynthesis of eicosanoids and influx of neutrophils with distinct time course profiles. 6-Keto-prostaglandin-F1 alpha (6-KPA) increased between 30 and 60 min and rapidly decreased thereafter. Leukotriene (LT)C4 levels showed similar patterns, but were sustained for several hours. LTB4(More)
Preclinical and clinical data have suggested the potential use of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligands for treating cognitive dysfunction associated with neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. SIB-1553A, (+/-)-4-[[2-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)ethyl]thio]phenol hydrochloride, a novel nAChR ligand with predominant agonist subtype(More)