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The effects of cadmium Cd (II) ions on the physiology and biological activity of Trametes versicolor, a strain belonging to white-rotting Basidiomycetes, were examined. Cd (II) ions were added to 10-day-old cultures grown on a liquid medium, or at the time of inoculation. Our experiments showed that T. versicolor is a good cadmium biosorbent from aqueous(More)
Accumulation and toxicity of inorganic arsenic forms As(III) and As(V) to the green microalga Stichococcus bacillaris depended on environmental variables. pH of exposure and to a lesser extent elevated concentrations of humic acid, chloride and orthophosphate ions affected arsenic accumulation and its toxicity. As(V) was more toxic than As(III), especially(More)
Phytase was purified from Aspergillus niger culture fluid by molecular sieve filtration on Sephadex G-200, followed by thermal inactivation of acid phosphatase and CM-cellulose chromatography. The 12-fold purified enzyme had two pH optima at 2.7 and 5.5 and was characterized by high thermal stability in alkaline environment and broad substrate specificity.(More)
Cadmium toxicity to the green alga Stichococcus bacillaris was investigated in media of pH 3-9. A significant decrease of cadmium toxicity occurred in both the acidic and alkaline ranges of pH. In media of pH 3 and 9, cadmium did not affect the dry mass content substantially. Maximum toxicity of cadmium was noticed at pH 6-7. Voltametric investigations(More)
Cysteine, glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins were determined in the cells of both wild and copper tolerant strains of the lichen alga Trebouxia erici following short-term (24 h) exposure to copper and cadmium and long-term (4 weeks) exposure to copper. Both metals caused concentration dependent synthesis of phytochelatins (PC2–PC5), but cadmium was a more(More)
"First line" defence mechanisms, such as phytochelatin biosynthesis, and "second line" mechanisms, such as stress protein induction, were investigated in cadmium-exposed cells of Trebouxia impressa Ahmadjian, a green microalgal species that is a common photobiont of the lichen Physcia adscendens (Fr.) H. Olivier. When T. impressa cells were exposed to 0, 9(More)
Cyanobacterial bloom was observed in a highly eutrophic dam reservoir, Zemborzycki, near Lublin (SE Poland) over a warm period in the year 2007. The water bloom consisted of several cyanobacterial taxa: Anabaena circinalis, Anabaena spiroides, Anabaena flos-aquae, Planktothrix agardhii, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, Aphanizomenon gracile, and Microcystis(More)
The potential metal sorption abilities of algae and cyanobacteria were estimated as cation-exchange capacities, using a potentiometric titration method. Unicellular cyanobacteriaAnacystis nidulans, Synechocystis aquatilis, and the green microalgaStichococcus bacillaris revealed a higher maximal capacity (205–825 μeq g−1 dry wt) than filamentous(More)
Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta, Cyanoprocaryota, Cyanobacteria) (blue-green algae) are procaryotic phototrophic microorganisms playing an important ecological role in the freshwater and marine environment as primary producers. However, as a consequence of water eutrophication observed in many reservoirs in different parts of the world, these microorganisms form(More)