Tadeusz Pieńkowski

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We previously defined two classes of microtubule polymer in the axons of cultured sympathetic neurons that differ in their sensitivity to nocodazole by roughly 35-fold (Baas and Black (1990) J. Cell Biol. 111, 495-509). Here we demonstrate that virtually all of the microtubule polymer in these axons, including the drug-labile polymer, is stable to cold.(More)
The histaminergic innervation of the thalamic dorsal and ventral lateral geniculate nuclei and the perigeniculate nucleus of the cat was examined immunohistochemically by means of an antibody to histamine. We find histamine-immunoreactive neurons in the cat brain are concentrated in the ventrolateral portion of the posterior hypothalamus, confirming a(More)
Capecitabine, an oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate, was designed to generate 5-fluorouracil preferentially at the tumour site. This randomised, phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of capecitabine or paclitaxel in patients with anthracycline-pretreated metastatic breast cancer. Outpatients with locally advanced and/or metastatic breast cancer(More)
We have indirectly analyzed the role of tau in generating the highly organized microtubule (MT) array of the axon. Axons contain MT arrays of uniform polarity orientation, plus ends distal to the cell body (Heidemann, S. R., J. M. Landers, and M. A. Hamborg. 1981. J. Cell Biol. 91:661-673). Surprisingly, these MTs do not radiate from a single discrete(More)
BACKGROUND For women with oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive early breast cancer, treatment with tamoxifen for 5 years substantially reduces the breast cancer mortality rate throughout the first 15 years after diagnosis. We aimed to assess the further effects of continuing tamoxifen to 10 years instead of stopping at 5 years. METHODS In the worldwide(More)
We have used an indirect method to compare the dynamic properties of microtubules (MTs) in the main shaft and distal regions of the axon. Individual MTs are staggered along the length of the axon and consist of a labile domain situated at the plus end of a stable domain (Baas and Black, 1990). As a result of this organization and the plus-end-distal(More)
We have sought to determine the principal site(s) in the neuron where axonal microtubules (MTs) are stabilized. To accomplish this, we compared the proximal and distal regions of the axon and the axon shaft with regard to their content of newly stabilized MT polymer, using the following criteria. Stable polymer was identified by its resistance to(More)
Mast cells and their location in the cat lateral geniculate complex of the thalamus were examined by means of histamine immunohistochemistry and the mast cell stain pinacyanol erythrosinate. Brain sections from seven normal adult pigmented cats were processed for light or electron microscopy. Histamine-containing and pinacyanol erythrosinate-stained mast(More)
To understand the roles of various microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) in the development of axons and dendrites, we have expressed individual neuronal MAPs in normally rounded Sf9 host cells. We previously reported that expression of tau protein in these cells results in the elaboration of long processes containing dense bundles of microtubules (MTs).(More)
Up to one fourth of women diagnosed with early breast cancer (EBC) have tumors that are human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) positive. This is associated with a high risk of relapse and death from meta-static disease. Trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of HER-2, improves survival and quality of life in(More)