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The ionophorous properties of a new antibiotic, ionomycin, have been studied. It was found that the antibiotic is capable of extracting calcium ion from the bulk of an aqueous phase into an organic phase. The antibiotic also acts as a mobile ion carrier to transport the cation across a solvent barrier. The divalent cation selectivity order for ionomycin as(More)
RNA editing in protozoan parasites is a mitochondrial RNA processing reaction in which exclusively uridylate residues are inserted into, and less frequently deleted from, pre-mRNAs. Molecules central to the process are so-called guide RNAs (gRNAs) which function as templates in the reaction. For a detailed molecular understanding of the mechanism of the(More)
We present a high-resolution reference map for soluble proteins obtained from Corynebacterium glutamicum cells grown in glucose minimal medium. The analysis window covers the pl range from 4-6 and the molecular mass range from 5-100 kDa. Using overlapping narrow immobilized pH gradients for isoelectric focusing, 970 protein spots were detected after(More)
BACKGROUND Metal ions participate in the three-dimensional folding of RNA and provide active centers in catalytic RNA molecules. The positions of metal ions are known for a few RNA structures determined by X-ray crystallography. In addition to the crystallographically identified sites, solution studies point to many more metal ion binding sites around(More)
Phenotype-based mutagenesis experiments will increase the mouse mutant resource, generating mutations at previously unmarked loci as well as extending the allelic series at known loci. Mapping, molecular characterization, and phenotypic analysis of nine independent Pax6 mutations of the mouse recovered in mutagenesis experiments is presented. Seven(More)
The powerful explanatory paradigm of molecular biology requiring form to co-evolve with function has again been proven successful when, over the recent two decades, a wealth of biological functions have been uncovered for RNA. Previously considered as a mere mediator of the genetic code, RNA is now acknowledged as a key player in a wide variety of cellular(More)
Dramatic technical progress in RNA synthesis and structure determination has allowed several difficulties inherent to the preparation, handling and structural analysis of RNA to be overcome, and this has led to a wealth of information about RNA structure and its relationship with biological function. It is now fully recognized that RNA molecules intervene(More)
RNA molecules are the only known molecules which possess the double property of being depository of genetic information, like DNA, and of displaying catalytic activities, like protein enzymes. RNA molecules intervene in all steps of gene expression and in many other biological activities. Like proteins, RNAs achieve those biological functions by adopting(More)
Efficient DNA inversion catalysed by the invertase Gin requires the cis-acting recombinational enhancer and the Escherichia coliFIS protein. Binding of FIS bends the enhancer DNA and, on a negatively supercoiled DNA inversion substrate, facilitates the formation of a synaptic complex with specific topology. Previous studies have indicated that(More)