Tadayuki Yokoyama

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Tenascin, a novel six-armed extracellular matrix glycoprotein, was immunohistochemically examined in the human normal adult colon, and colonic neoplasms such as tubular adenomas, primary and metastatic adenocarcinomas. In contrast to previous reports, tenascin was hardly detectable in the normal adult colons, being predominantly localised in the fibrous(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are potentially powerful tools for regenerative medicine and establishment of disease models. The recent progress in ESC technologies is noteworthy, but ESC differentiation into renal lineages is relatively less established. The present study aims to differentiate mouse ESCs (mESCs) into a renal progenitor pool, the intermediate(More)
Cultivation of functional pancreatic cells isolated from adult mammalian pancreas remains difficult. We developed a differentiation protocol that gradually induced the formation of mouse pancreatic exocrine cells from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). This process mimicked in vivo pancreatic development by directing cells through definitive endoderm (DE), gut(More)
Cryopreservation is an essential technique in basic research and clinical applications of human embryonic stem (hES) cells. Cryopreserved hES cells are fragile and undergo post-thaw apoptosis. We performed gene pathway analysis on cryopreserved and thawed hES cells to examine the effect of Y-27632, a Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, on apoptosis and(More)
The antihypertensive effect of a single oral administration of a boysenberry seed polyphenol extract to spontaneously hypertensive rats was evaluated at different doses (100 and 200 mg/kg), and a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) was observed up to 6 h post administration. The extract was separated into proanthocyanidin-rich and(More)
Proanthocyanidins and other polyphenols in the seeds and juice of boysenberry were quantitatively analyzed. Polyphenolic extracts were prepared from the waste seeds and commercial juice by chromatographic fractionation. Compositional analysis revealed that both extracts contained six polyphenolic classes: flavanol monomers, proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins,(More)
To induce hepatocytes from human embryonic stem (hES) cells easily and effectively, a simple suspension culture method that separates ES colonies with a scraper and transfers them into newly developed, nonadherent MPC (2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) plates, and the staged-additional cocktail method, including growth factors, cytokines, and(More)
Mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be induced to form pancreatic exocrine enzyme-producing cells in vitro in a stepwise fashion that recapitulates the development in vivo. However, there is no protocol for the differentiation of pancreatic-like cells from human ESCs (hESCs). Based upon the mouse ESC model, we have induced the in vitro formation of(More)
Poor adhesion of single human embryonic stem (hES) cells after freeze-thawing causes death. To investigate mechanisms responsible for this, Rho-dependent protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632-treated and untreated single hES cells were analyzed for E-cadherin and F-actin distribution by immunostaining and phalloidin staining respectively and for G13(More)
PURPOSE Photoreceptors cannot regenerate and recover their functions once disordered. Transplantation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) has recently become a possible therapeutic approach for retinal degeneration. In the present study, we investigated the induction of photoreceptors by coculturing primate embryonic stem cells (ESCs) with ESC-derived RPE(More)