Tadayuki Oshima

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OBJECTIVES Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) has shown efficacy in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). However, with routine weekly treatment, it may take several weeks to achieve remission, and to date, the efficacy of a more frequent treatment schedule remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic mucosal resection is an established method for treating intramucosal gastric neoplasms. Conventional endoscopic mucosal resection has predominantly been performed using strip biopsy, but local recurrence sometimes occurs due to such piecemeal resection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection has recently been performed in Japan using new(More)
The present study sought to establish a standard third-line eradication regimen for Helicobacter pylori in Japan. Subjects were 204 patients with H. pylori infection in whom the standard Japanese first- and second-line eradication therapies had proven unsuccessful. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following third-line eradication therapy(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Epithelial barrier function is impaired in ulcerative colitis (UC), but the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to this barrier defect are still far from clear. Because epithelial barrier function is primarily regulated by the most apical intercellular junction, referred to as the tight junction (TJ), we investigated the expression of(More)
General interest in functional gastrointestinal disorders is increasing among Japanese doctors as well as patients. This increase can be attributed to a number of factors, including recent increased interest in quality of life and advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disease. Japan recently became the world’s first(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) has been reported to promote tumor cell growth in colon cancer cells after binding to its receptors, which are members of the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family. Recent studies demonstrated that stimulation of GPCR can induce shedding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) ligands via activation of a disintegrin and metalloprotease(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In the treatment of gastric cancer, argon plasma coagulation (APC) has certain merits, such as short operation time, easy procedure, and lack of serious complications compared with endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection, suggesting that this modality may be appropriate for some patients with gastric cancer. The(More)
As an increase in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been reported in Japan, and public interest in GERD has been increasing, the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology published the Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines for GERD (1st edition) in 2009. Six years have passed since its publication, and there have been a large number of reports in(More)
Tadayuki Oshima (t-oshima@hyo-med.ac.jp) Shigemi Nakajima (shigemi@ares.eonet.ne.jp) Tetsuji Yokoyama (tyokoya@niph.go.jp) Fumihiko Toyoshima (f-toyo@hyo-med.ac.jp) Jun Sakurai (jsakurai@hyo-med.ac.jp) Junji Tanaka (junji-t@hyo-med.ac.jp) Toshihiko Tomita (tomita@hyo-med.ac.jp) Yongmin Kim (kimyou@hyo-med.ac.jp) Kazutoshi Hori (k-hori@hyo-med.ac.jp)(More)
Immune-mediated injury by the protease-activated receptor-2-interleukin-8 (PAR-2-IL8) pathway may underlie the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the localization of PAR-2 and the mechanism of PAR-2 activation remain unclear. This study aimed to address these questions on an esophageal stratified squamous epithelial model and in(More)