Learn More
Many different species of acidophilic prokaryotes, widely distributed within the domains Bacteria and Archaea, can catalyze the dissimilatory oxidation of ferrous iron or reduction of ferric iron, or can do both. Microbially mediated cycling of iron in extremely acidic environments (pH < 3) is strongly influenced by the enhanced chemical stability of(More)
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans MON-1 which is highly resistant to Hg2+ could grow in a ferrous sulfate medium (pH 2.5) with 0.1 microM p-chloromercuribenzoic acid (PCMB) with a lag time of 2 d. In contrast, A. ferrooxidans AP19-3 which is sensitive to Hg2+ did not grow in the medium. Nine strains of A. ferrooxidans, including seven strains of the American(More)
Some polysaccharide-containing materials were successively extracted from the fruiting bodies of Agaricus blazei with aqueous ammonium oxalate and sodium hydroxide, fractionated, and assayed for antitumor activity. From chemical analyses and n.m.r. data, it was concluded that the most active fraction, FIII-2-b, was comprised of protein and a(More)
The prokaryotic ATP-citrate lyase is considered to be a key enzyme of the carbon dioxide-fixing reductive tricarboxylic acid (RTCA) cycle. Kinetic examination of the ATP-citrate lyase from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium limicola (Cl-ACL), an alpha(4)beta(4) heteromeric enzyme, revealed that the enzyme displayed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics(More)
The effects of cyanide, azide, and 2-n-Heptyl-4-hydroxy-quinoline-N-oxide (HQNO) on the oxidation of ferrous ion or elemental sulfur with Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans NASF-1 cells grown in iron- or sulfur-medium were examined. The iron oxidation of both iron- and sulfur-grown cells was strongly inhibited by cyanide and azide, but not by HQNO. Sulfur(More)
Sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR) was purified from membrane of acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans NASF-1 cells grown on sulfur medium. It was composed of a single polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of 47 kDa. The apparent K(m) values for sulfide and ubiquinone were 42 and 14 muM respectively. The apparent(More)
Tetrathionate is one of the most important intermediates in dissimilatory sulfur oxidation and can itself be utilized as a sole energy source by some sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms. Tetrathionate hydrolase (4THase) plays a significant role in tetrathionate oxidation and should catalyze the initial step in the oxidative dissimilation when sulfur-oxidizing(More)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) catalyzes the reversible conversion between isocitrate and 2-oxoglutarate accompanied by decarboxylation/carboxylation and oxidoreduction of NAD(P)+ cofactor. While this enzyme has been well studied as a catabolic enzyme in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, here we have characterized NADP-dependent IDH from Chlorobium(More)
The effect of NaCl and the pathways of the oxidation of reduced inorganic sulfur compounds were studied using resting cells and cell-free extracts of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans strain SH. This isolate specifically requires NaCl for growth. The oxidation of sulfur and sulfite by resting cells was strongly inhibited by 2-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline-N-oxide.(More)
Thiosulfate dehydrogenase is known to play a significant role in thiosulfate oxidation in the acidophilic, obligately chemolithoautotroph, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. Enzyme activity measured using ferricyanide as the electron acceptor was detected in cell extracts of A. ferrooxidans ATCC 23270 grown on tetrathionate or sulfur, but no activity was(More)