Tadayoshi Kagiya

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Laminin-5 (Ln-5) is an important molecule associated with epithelial cell adhesion and migration. In the gingiva around the tooth, Ln-5 localizes within basement membranes between the junctional epithelium (JE) and the tooth or connective tissue. Recently, we reported that in the oral mucosa around a dental implant, Ln-5 is expressed within the basement(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important event in the developmental process of various organs. In periodontal development during root formation of a tooth, this EMT has been a subject of controversy. Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS), consisting of two epithelial layers, plays a role of inducing odontogenesis during root development(More)
Osteolytic bone metastasis frequently occurs in the later stages of breast, lung, and several other cancers. Osteoclasts, the only cells that resorb bone, are hijacked by tumor cells, which break down bone remodeling systems. As a result, osteolysis occurs and may cause patients to suffer bone fractures, pain, and hypercalcemia. It is important to(More)
This study was performed to microscopically observe and measure inflammatory cytokine production by human macrophages phagocytosing submicron titanium (Ti) particles. Observations with secondary electron microscopy (SEM), SEM/electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that macrophages(More)
A series of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole derivatives bearing various types of side chain (R) at the N1-position (AK-2000 series) were synthesized and their radiosensitizing effect and toxicity in vitro and in vivo were investigated, in comparison with those of Misonidazole (MISO), SR-2508, and RSU-1069. Of the fifteen 3-nitrotriazoles tested, all had sensitizing(More)
Eleven new hypoxic cell sensitizers representative of those developed in Japan between 1980 and 1985 were evaluated in vitro and in vivo in comparison with misonidazole (MISO), SR-2508, Ro 03-8799, and ANT (2-amino-5-nitrothiazole). The new compounds included 2-nitroimidazole nucleoside analogues, nitrotriazoles and other nitroaromatics, non-nitro(More)
Types of 2-nitroimidazoles and 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazoles bearing one or two fluorine atoms on their side chains were synthesized to evaluate their physicochemical properties, radiosensitizing effects, and toxicity. The reduction potential of the compounds containing one fluorine was similar to that of misonidazole (MISO), whereas that of the difluorinated(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine gene expressions of macrophage phagocytizing sub-micro Ti particles by a DNA chip. Human monocytic cell line THP-1 was differentiated into macrophages by culturing for two days in medium supplemented with 200 nM phorbol ester (PMA). The macrophages were then cultured in four media: medium without PMA (control);(More)
Mouse, rat, and human molars begin to form their roots after the completion of crown morphogenesis. Though several signaling pathways and transcription factors have been implicated in the regulation of molar crown development, relatively little is known about the regulatory mechanisms involved in the transition from crown to root development. Tooth root(More)
The radiosensitizing activity, acute toxicity and pharmacokinetics of RP170, a new hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, were compared with those of misonidazole (MISO) and SR2508. RP170 belongs to the group of 2-nitroimidazole nucleosides, which are designed to be selectively excluded from the neural tissue. The reduction potential of RP170 was similar to that of(More)