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This study was performed to microscopically observe and measure inflammatory cytokine production by human macrophages phagocytosing submicron titanium (Ti) particles. Observations with secondary electron microscopy (SEM), SEM/electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that macrophages(More)
In vitro and in vivo sensitizing activities of a variety of nitroazole derivatives including misonidazole (MISO), SR-2508, and RSU-1069 were correlated by the aid of pharmacokinetic measurements of the drug uptake in animal solid tumors. The sensitizer enhancement ratio in vivo (SERvivo) on solid tumors increased linearly with the square root of(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important event in the developmental process of various organs. In periodontal development during root formation of a tooth, this EMT has been a subject of controversy. Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS), consisting of two epithelial layers, plays a role of inducing odontogenesis during root development(More)
The radiosensitizing activity, acute toxicity and pharmacokinetics of RP170, a new hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, were compared with those of misonidazole (MISO) and SR2508. RP170 belongs to the group of 2-nitroimidazole nucleosides, which are designed to be selectively excluded from the neural tissue. The reduction potential of RP170 was similar to that of(More)
Eleven new hypoxic cell sensitizers representative of those developed in Japan between 1980 and 1985 were evaluated in vitro and in vivo in comparison with misonidazole (MISO), SR-2508, Ro 03-8799, and ANT (2-amino-5-nitrothiazole). The new compounds included 2-nitroimidazole nucleoside analogues, nitrotriazoles and other nitroaromatics, non-nitro(More)
Types of 2-nitroimidazoles and 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazoles bearing one or two fluorine atoms on their side chains were synthesized to evaluate their physicochemical properties, radiosensitizing effects, and toxicity. The reduction potential of the compounds containing one fluorine was similar to that of misonidazole (MISO), whereas that of the difluorinated(More)
Meckel's chondrocytes, derived from the ectomesenchyme, have the potential to transform into other phenotypes. In this study, we transplanted cell pellets of Meckel's chondrocytes into isogenic mouse spleens and analyzed their phenotypic transformation into osteogenic cells using histological and immunohistochemical methods. With the increasing duration of(More)
Laminin-5 (Ln-5) is an important molecule associated with epithelial cell adhesion and migration. In the gingiva around the tooth, Ln-5 localizes within basement membranes between the junctional epithelium (JE) and the tooth or connective tissue. Recently, we reported that in the oral mucosa around a dental implant, Ln-5 is expressed within the basement(More)
Further development of bio-compatible, bio-absorbable, and osteo-conductive bio-materials is desired for bone grafts in dental and medical clinics. One candidate material might be a high-density apatite/collagen composite, which cures relatively large bone defects. To produce such a composite, we freeze-dried type I collagen solution, cross-linked the(More)
Osteolytic bone metastasis frequently occurs in the later stages of breast, lung, and several other cancers. Osteoclasts, the only cells that resorb bone, are hijacked by tumor cells, which break down bone remodeling systems. As a result, osteolysis occurs and may cause patients to suffer bone fractures, pain, and hypercalcemia. It is important to(More)