Tadatoshi Tanifuji

Learn More
Finite difference time domain (FDTD) analysis has been successfully formulated for solving diffusion equation in biological tissues. Time-dependent diffusion equations are approximated by FDTD equations by assigning diffuse photon fluence rates and radiant flux defined in the diffusion equations to Yee meshes. At the boundary between scattering and no(More)
Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis has been used to predict the time-resolved reflectance from multilayered slabs with a nonscattering layer. Light propagation across the nonscattering layer was calculated based on the light intensity characteristics along a ray in free space. Additional equivalent source functions due to light from scattering(More)
A pulse circulation method to measure the length dependence of transmission characteristics in optical fibers is described. In principle, the method has the advantage that no unnecessary power is branched off in the loop. Using this method, the length dependence of transmission characteristics of step and graded index fibers has been measured and found to(More)
The time-averaged longitudinal-mode power of a semiconductor laser coupled to a fiber changes drastically when an external force is applied to a multimode fiber terminated with an optical connector. No emission-spectra changes have been observed in the case of a single-mode fiber. This phenomenon is considered to be induced by the wavelength-dependent(More)
Input modal power distribution and baseband frequency response of a graded-index fiber have been investigated theoretically and experimentally, when the fiber was excited by a step-index fiber. It is found that the bandwidth of the graded-index fiber is measured with good reproducibility and accuracy by using the step-index fiber as an exciter. An(More)
We evaluate the numerical accuracy of finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis of optical transport in a three-dimensional scattering medium illuminated by an isotropic point source. This analysis employs novel boundary conditions for the diffusion equation. The power radiated from an isotropic point source located at a depth equal to the reciprocal of(More)
A new method for core-axis alignment and precise splice-loss estimation for single-mode optical fibers is presented. By using a differential interference contrast microscope, we can achieve core-axis alignment with an offset below 0.3 microm, which results in a butt-joint loss increase of 0.04 dB compared with that obtained by alignment using a conventional(More)