Tadataka Ikeda

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Open gingival embrasures or "black triangles" can be an undesirable outcome of adult orthodontic treatment. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of open gingival embrasures in a group of orthodontic patients, and to determine if open gingival embrasures were related to: age at the start of treatment, the severity of pretreatment(More)
BACKGROUND An open gingival embrasure space (OGES) between the mandibular incisors, also known as a "black triangle" (BT), can be an undesirable outcome of adult orthodontic treatment. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the parameters that contributed most to the occurrence of an OGES between the mandibular central incisors, the area(More)
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