Tadashi Waragai

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Congenital heart defects (CHD) are very common in patients with trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13). The surgical indication of CHD remains controversial since the natural history of these trisomies is documented to be poor. To investigate the outcome of CHD in patients with T18 and T13, we collected and evaluated clinical data from 134 patients with T18(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze safety and efficiency of a subcutaneous figure of eight suture for hemostasis after large caliber venous sheath access in children. BACKGROUND Vascular complications remain a significant cause of morbidity after pediatric cardiac catheterization. In an attempt to reduce such complications and yet improve lab efficiency and decrease(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of carvedilol on heart failure (HF) in patients with a functionally univentricular heart (UVH) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Carvedilol was used to treat HF in 51 patients with a UVH, classified into 3 groups: after the Fontan operation (F), after the bidirectional Glenn operation (G), and patients who had not undergone Fontan(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS In order to elucidate the underlying adjusting mechanism of human right coronary arterial (RCA) flow to increased right ventricular pressure (RVP) in children, we recorded RCA flow velocity in 24 pediatric cardiac patients at the orifice of its main trunk at the time of heart catheterization using the Doppler guidewire. RESULTS The(More)
BACKGROUND Large-shunt ventricular septal defect (VSD) infants manifest varied serious symptoms resulting from peripheral arterial constriction to compensate for increased pulmonary blood flow (Qp) and concomitantly decreased systemic blood flow (Qs). The aim of the present paper was therefore to estimate the whole arterial space proximal to arterioles as(More)
BACKGROUND Femoral venous and arterial approaches are the commonly used to obtain vascular access for pediatric cardiac catheterization. Hemostasis after catheter removal is usually obtained by manual compression. However, this technique is time consuming and at times painful. Although several closure devices are available for adults, they are not widely(More)
BACKGROUND The Windkessel model, proposed in 1895 by O. Frank, successfully explained systemic and abnormal pulmonary hemodynamics of congenital cardiac defects. The model is essentially a functional one and describes only hemodynamics, not anatomical or geographic structures. Because pulmonary arterial banding (PAB) adds a substantial resistance proximal(More)
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