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Misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are destroyed by a pathway termed ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). Glycans are often removed from glycosylated ERAD substrates in the cytosol before substrate degradation, which maintains the efficiency of the proteasome. Png1, a deglycosylating enzyme, has long been suspected, but not proven, to(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that soluble peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) is involved in the quality control system for newly synthesized glycoproteins in mammalian cells. Here we report the occurrence of a soluble PNGase activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The enzyme, which was recovered in the cytosolic fraction, has a neutral pH optimum, and(More)
This study examines the activity of hippocampal CA, pyramidal neurons during conditioned fear stress (CFS)-induced freezing behavior in unanesthetized, unrestrained rats. The firing frequency of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons was significantly decreased when conditioned rats exhibited freezing behavior. Firing frequency returned to the baseline after(More)
An increase in polydrug abuse is a major problem worldwide. A previous study showed that coadministration of methamphetamine and morphine induced lethality in rodents and humans. However, the underlying mechanisms by which the lethality is increased by the coadministration of methamphetamine and morphine have not been fully understood. Therefore, the(More)
It has been proposed that cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) may be involved in the proteasome-dependent quality control machinery used to degrade newly synthesized glycoproteins that do not correctly fold in the ER. However, a lack of information about the structure of the enzyme has limited our ability to obtain insight into its precise biological(More)
A cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase has been implicated in the proteasomal degradation of newly synthesized misfolded glycoproteins exported from the endoplasmic reticulum. The gene encoding this enzyme (Png1p) has been identified in yeast. Based on sequence analysis, Png1p was classified as a member of the 'transglutaminase-like superfamily' that contains a(More)
Animal mitochondrial translation systems contain two serine tRNAs, corresponding to the codons AGY (Y = U and C) and UCN (N = U, C, A, and G), each possessing an unusual secondary structure; tRNA(GCU)(Ser) (for AGY) lacks the entire D arm, whereas tRNA(UGA)(Ser) (for UCN) has an unusual cloverleaf configuration. We previously demonstrated that a single(More)
Secretory proteins are subjected to a stringent endoplasmic reticulum-based quality control system that distinguishes aberrant from correctly folded proteins. The cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase cleaves oligosaccharides from misfolded glycoproteins and prepares them for degradation by the 26 S proteasome. In contrast to abundant in vitro data on its(More)
BACKGROUND Peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) is an enzyme which releases N-linked glycans from glycopeptides/glycoproteins. This enzyme plays a role in the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway in yeast and mice, but the biological importance of this activity remains unknown. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, we characterized the ortholog of cytoplasmic(More)