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It has been proposed that cytoplasmic peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) may be involved in the proteasome-dependent quality control machinery used to degrade newly synthesized glycoproteins that do not correctly fold in the ER. However, a lack of information about the structure of the enzyme has limited our ability to obtain insight into its precise biological(More)
UNLABELLED Cardiac PET using (18)F-FDG under fasting conditions (fasting (18)F-FDG PET) is a promising technique for identification of cardiac sarcoidosis and assessment of disease activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of fasting (18)F-FDG PET in detecting inflammatory lesions of cardiac sarcoidosis from a pathophysiologic(More)
Misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are destroyed by a pathway termed ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD). Glycans are often removed from glycosylated ERAD substrates in the cytosol before substrate degradation, which maintains the efficiency of the proteasome. Png1, a deglycosylating enzyme, has long been suspected, but not proven, to(More)
Concentrations of leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, are elevated in obesity. Recently, leptin has been shown to participate in multiple biological actions including inflammation, reproduction, and angiogenesis. Leptin has also been documented as a critical component in the process of wound healing; however, leptin involvement in cardiovascular disease(More)
Peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) releases N-glycans from glycoproteins/glycopeptides. Cytoplasmic PNGase is widely recognized as a component of machinery for ER-associated degradation (ERAD), i.e. proteasomal degradation of misfolded, newly synthesized (glyco)proteins that have been exported from the ER. The enzyme belongs to the "transglutaminase superfamily"(More)
UNLABELLED Many studies have shown that a one-time 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) scintigraphic study during a stable period is useful for determining the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the findings from this imaging modality are well known to be improved by medical treatment for heart failure. Accordingly, this(More)
The facilitative glucose transporter GLUT4 plays a key role in regulating whole body glucose homeostasis. GLUT4 dramatically changes its distribution upon insulin stimulation, and insulin-resistant diabetes is often linked with compromised translocation of GLUT4 under insulin stimulation. To elucidate the functional significance of the sole N-glycan chain(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the clinical efficacy and the prolongation of survival with combination therapy of estramustine phosphate (EMP) and endocrine therapy in untreated patients with progressive prostate cancer. METHODS We randomly divided 57 patients with untreated stage D prostate cancer into two groups, an endocrine monotherapy group and a group(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the effects of angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) on cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (CSNA) in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). BACKGROUND Approximately 50% of patients with CHF have preserved LVEF. It is reported that ARB therapy improves CSNA in(More)
The endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation of misfolded (glyco)proteins ensures that only functional, correctly folded proteins exit from the endoplasmic reticulum and that misfolded ones are degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. During the degradation of misfolded glycoproteins, they are deglycosylated by the PNGase (peptide:N-glycanase). The(More)