Tadashi Suehiro

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the alterations of paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the serum enzyme activity and concentration of PON1 and their relationship with serum lipids, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) parameters, and acute phase reactants of serum amyloid A (SAA) and(More)
The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) plays a central role in the initiation and acceleration of atherosclerosis. Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) is associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and has been shown to reduce the susceptibility of LDL to lipid peroxidation. We investigated whether circulating oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) levels(More)
Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) is associated with HDL and inhibits oxidative modification of LDL. PON1 enzymatic activity has been shown to decrease in diabetic patients; however, the effect of PON1 status on long-term outcome has not been reported. In this study, we examined the association between baseline PON1 status and the development of cardiovascular(More)
AIM Fetuin-A, also known as alpha2-Heremans Schmid glycoprotein, is an abundant plasma protein synthesized predominantly in the liver. Fetuin-A inhibits insulin receptor autophosphorylation, which is mediated by its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. In this study, we examined the association between the serum fetuin-A level and insulin resistance in(More)
The expression of paraoxonase1 (PON1) during inflammation has been investigated in vitro. The alteration of steady state PON1 mRNA in HepG2 cells by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), was investigated relative to acute-phase serum amyloid A (A-SAA) mRNA. PON1 mRNA expression by HepG2 cells was decreased within three(More)
AIM Alpha2-Heremans Schmid glycoprotein (AHSG), also known as fetuin-A, is secreted from the liver and inhibits tyrosine kinase activity of the insulin receptor. Hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes is not only a secondary manifestation of insulin resistance, but could also be responsible for directly inducing insulin resistance in target tissues. In this(More)
The insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in intron 16 of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is involved in the development of cardiovascular diseases. We compared the ACE mRNA expression originating from the allele with a deletion (D allele) and that from the allele with an insertion (I allele) in human white blood cells from ID heterozygotes. We(More)
Human serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is associated with high-density lipoprotein, and inhibits oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein in vitro. Therefore, PON1 is supposed to protect against atherosclerosis in vivo. In this study, we investigated the direct effect of Sp1 on PON1 transcription in HepG2 cells using a reporter gene assay. A deletion(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that human paraoxonase-1 (PON1) associated with HDL, plays a role for anti-atherosclerotic effects of HDL, however, the relationships between PON1 and inflammatory cytokines remain unclear. To clarify this point, we evaluated the transcriptional regulation of PON1 gene by IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha in HepG2 cells using(More)