Tadashi Ogitsu

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  • Fernando Miguel Pais, Graça Lobo, +39 authors Donna Eiskamp
  • 2000
Genetic algorithms (GAs) have been used to solve difficult optimization problems in a number of fields. One of the advantages of these algorithms is that they operate well even in domains where little is known, thus giving the GA the flavor of a general purpose problem solver. However, in order to solve a problem with the GA, the user usually has to specify(More)
We present a theoretical study of solid CO2 up to 50 GPa and 1500 K using first-principles calculations. In this pressure-temperature range, interpretations of recent experiments have suggested the existence of CO2 phases which are intermediate between molecular and covalent-bonded solids. We reexamine the concept of intermediate phases in the CO2 phase(More)
The T2K experiment observes indications of ν(μ) → ν(e) appearance in data accumulated with 1.43×10(20) protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with |Δm(23)(2)| = 2.4×10(-3)  eV(2), sin(2)2θ(23) = 1 and sin(2)2θ(13) = 0, the expected number of such events is 1.5±0.3(syst).(More)
It is generally assumed that solid hydrogen will transform into a metallic alkali-like crystal at sufficiently high pressure. However, some theoretical models have also suggested that compressed hydrogen may form an unusual two-component (protons and electrons) metallic fluid at low temperature, or possibly even a zero-temperature liquid ground state. The(More)
We have computed the melting line of lithium hydride up to 200 GPa using the two-phase simulation technique coupled with first-principles molecular dynamics. Our predicted melting temperature at high pressures varies slowly with compression, ranging from 2000 to 2450 K at 50-200 GPa pressures. The compressed fluid close to the melting line retains the ionic(More)
An isocentric superconducting rotating-gantry for heavy-ion therapy is being developed [1]. This rotating gantry can transport heavy ions having 430 MeV/u to an isocenter with irradiation angles of over ±180°, and is further capable of performing fast raster-scanning irradiation [2]. A layout of the beam-transport line for the compact rotating-gantry is(More)
We use time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy to investigate the unoccupied electronic density of states of warm dense copper that is produced isochorically through the absorption of an ultrafast optical pulse. The temperature of the superheated electron-hole plasma, which ranges from 4000 to 10 000 K, was determined by comparing the measured x-ray(More)
All elements, except for helium, appear to solidify into crystalline forms at zero temperature, and it is generally assumed that the introduction of lattice defects results in an increase in internal energy. beta-Rhombohedral boron, a thermodynamically stable form of elemental boron at high temperature, is known to have a large amount of partial occupied(More)
X-ray absorption spectroscopy and ab initio modeling of the experimental spectra have been used to investigate the effects of surface passivation on the unoccupied electronic states of CdSe quantum dots (QDs). Significant differences are observed in the unoccupied electronic structure of the CdSe QDs, which are shown to arise from variations in specific(More)