Tadashi Nishimura

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A total of 402 fecal specimens collected during July 2003-June 2004 from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis, encompassing five localities (Maizuru, Tokyo, Sapporo, Saga, and Osaka) of Japan, were tested for the presence of norovirus by RT-PCR. It was found that 58 (14.4%) fecal specimens were positive for norovirus. Norovirus infection was(More)
Intralabyrinthine schwannomas are rare tumors. It is difficult to diagnose them, and their hearing disturbance has not been sufficiently elucidated. Recently, however, the development of the imaging technology enables the diagnosis of intracochlear schwannoma before operation. We experienced a case of intracochlear schwannoma diagnosed with mild hearing(More)
The effect of frequency on N1m has been investigated by various methods. However, it has not yet been measured using forward masking. In this study, the frequency specificity of N1m was investigated using forward masking. Although the masker frequency had some influence on N1m amplitudes, the results suggested that the frequency specificity of N1m was worse(More)
Auditory sensation is affected by a forward masker, and this phenomenon has been demonstrated in a neural adaptation model and a temporal window (integration) model. To study forward masking in the central auditory system, the growth of the N1m amplitude was measured by varying the signal delay. In the adaptation model, the masking increases as the signal(More)
A total of 402 fecal specimens from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in five places (Tokyo, Maizuru, Saga, Sapporo, and Osaka) in Japan from July 2003 to June 2004 were collected and then tested for the presence of rotavirus by RT-PCR. Of these, 83 were positive for rotavirus and this accounted for 20.6%. Rotavirus was further characterized(More)
A total of 557 fecal specimens from infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in five places (Maizuru, Tokyo, Sapporo, Saga and Osaka) in Japan from July 2002 to June 2003 were tested for the presence of diarrheal viruses by RT-PCR, PRHA, RNA-PAGE and latex agglutination methods. Of these, 56.4% (314) were found positive for diarrheal viruses. Among(More)
Ultrasound can be perceived by bone conduction, and its characteristics differ from those of air-conducted audible sound (ACAS) in some respects. Despite many studies on ultrasonic hearing, the details have not yet been clarified. In this study, to elucidate the perception mechanism, the masking of bone-conducted ultrasound (BCU) produced by ACAS and the(More)
CONCLUSION The factors of tinnitus loudness and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) score in tinnitus patients have the potential to relate to therapeutic results of tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT). OBJECTIVES To confirm what factors in tinnitus influence the results of TRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve factors were investigated in 53 patients with(More)
Bone conduction enables ultrasound to be heard. Although several hypotheses about ultrasonic perception have been presented, the perception mechanism of bone-conducted ultrasound has not yet been established. In this study, to investigate ultrasonic perception, the amount of masking produced by 27-, 30- and 33-kHz bone-conducted ultrasonic maskers for(More)
BACKGROUND Most medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT(More)