Tadashi Negishi

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New-born CD-1 mice were initiated with a single subcutaneous injection of 60 microg 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) within 24 h after birth. After weaning, the mice were randomly divided into five groups of 100, 50 males and 50 females each. One group served as a cage control. The other four groups of mice were exposed to either 0 (sham-exposed), 7,(More)
This investigation was undertaken because biological studies to evaluate the effects of intermediate frequency magnetic fields are insufficient. White Leghorn fertile eggs (60/group) were either exposed to a 20 kHz, 1.1 mT(rms) sinusoidal magnetic field or sham-exposed during the first 2, 7, or 11 days of embryogenesis. Lower dose exposures at 0.011 and(More)
We used bacterial mutation and yeast genotoxicity tests to evaluate the effects of intermediate frequency (IF; 2 kHz, 20 kHz and 60 kHz) magnetic fields (MFs) on mutagenicity, co-mutagenicity and gene conversion. We constructed a Helmholtz type exposure system that generated vertical and sinusoidal IF MFs, such as 0.91 mT at 2 kHz, 1.1 mT at 20 kHz and 0.11(More)
The use of intermediate frequency (IF) magnetic fields (MFs) in occupational equipment and domestic appliances, such as inductive heating cookers, is increasing. The WHO indicated a lack of scientific evidence needed to assess the health risk of exposure to IF MFs. Male and female rats (24/group) were exposed to a 20 kHz, 0.2 mT(rms) or 60 kHz, 0.1 mT(rms)(More)
Groups of mated female Sprague-Dawley rats were simultaneously exposed to 0 (sham exposed), 7, 70, or 350 microT (rms) circularly polarized 50 Hz magnetic fields (MF) for 22 h/day on gestational day 8-15, the period of rat fetal organogenesis (organogenesis study) or from day 0 to day 7 of gestation, the rat preimplantation period (preimplantation study).(More)
BACKGROUND A risk assessment of magnetic field (MF) exposure conducted by the World Health Organization indicated the need for biological studies on primary hazard identification and quantitative risk evaluation of intermediate frequency (300 Hz-100 kHz) MFs. Because induction heating cookers generate such MFs for cooking, reproductive and developmental(More)
The processes involved in the adaptation of animals to environmental factors remain unclear. We examined the mechanisms underlying the adaptive potential of the mouse against hepatotoxic chemical-induced injury. Microarray analysis revealed that ethylbenzene, a hepatotoxic chemical, upregulated PDK4 (encoding pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoenzyme 4) in(More)
The liver has a considerable capacity of regeneration against the damage. The regulatory factors and molecular mechanism for the capacity are not fully appreciated. In developmental processes, hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β (HNF1β) is a cooperative factor for HNF6, which is a known stimulatory factor for hepatocyte proliferation after partial hepatectomy. We(More)
Exposure to man-made electromagnetic fields has increased over the past century. As a result of exposure to these fields, concerns have been raised regarding the relationship between electromagnetic fields and human health. Interest in the biological and health effects of intermediate frequency (IF) magnetic fields has grown recently because of the increase(More)
Despite increasing use of intermediate frequency (IF) magnetic fields (MFs) in occupational and domestic settings, scientific evidence necessary for health risk assessments of IF MF is insufficient. Male and female Crl:CD(SD) rats (12 per sex per group) were exposed to 20 kHz, 0.20 mT(root mean square, rms) or 60 kHz, 0.10 mT(rms) sinusoidal MFs for 22 h(More)