Tadashi Nakamura

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BACKGROUND Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived plasma protein that accumulates in the injured artery and has potential antiatherogenic properties. This study was designed to determine whether a decreased plasma adiponectin level (hypoadiponectinemia) can be independently associated with the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Plasma glycerol is a major substrate for hepatic gluconeogenesis. Aquaporin adipose (AQPap/7), an adipose-specific glycerol channel, provides fat-derived glycerol into plasma. In the present study, we cloned the coding and promoter regions of mouse aquaporin 9 (AQP9), a liver-specific glycerol channel. Fasting and refeeding of mice increased and decreased(More)
In adipocytes, hydrolysis of triglycerides results in the release of free fatty acids and glycerol. Aquaporin 7 (AQP7), a member of aquaglyceroporins, is known to permeabilize glycerol and water. We recently generated Aqp7-knockout (KO) mice and demonstrated that such mice have low plasma glycerol levels and impaired glycerol release in response to(More)
BACKGROUND High-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a well-known risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Recently, we have demonstrated that adiponectin served as an antiatherogenic plasma protein which was secreted specifically from adipocytes. The present study investigated the association between adiponectin and CRP in the blood stream and(More)
PURPOSE Colorectal carcinogenesis is thought to be related to abdominal obesity and insulin resistance. To investigate whether visceral fat accumulation contributes to colorectal carcinogenesis, we examined its accumulation and the levels of the adipose tissue-derived hormone adiponectin in Japanese patients with colorectal adenoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Small heterodimer partner (SHP, NR0B2) is an atypical orphan nuclear receptor that inhibits transcriptional activation by several other nuclear receptors. We recently reported that mutations in the SHP gene are associated with insulin resistance. In the present study, we demonstrated that the SHP gene is expressed in adipose tissues. A reporter gene assay(More)
Aquaporin adipose (AQPap), which we identified from human adipose tissue, is a glycerol channel in adipocyte [Kishida et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 20896-20902]. In the current study, we determined the genomic structure of the human AQPap gene, and identified three AQPap-like genes that resembled (approximately 95%) AQPap, with little expression in(More)
W e and others (1–9) have shown that the accumulation of visceral fat is associated with multiple risk factor syndrome more closely than with the BMI itself or the amount of subcutaneous fat. In these studies, computed tomography (CT) scan at the umbilical level (10) was used for the assessment of visceral fat area (VFA). However, the method is not(More)
OBJECTIVE The contribution of visceral fat accumulation to the development of coronary heart disease was previously reported, but the relation between visceral fat accumulation and serum lipoprotein subclasses was unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the relation of lipoprotein subclasses with visceral fat accumulation in 62 male subjects (aged 22 to(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. We previously reported that adiponectin, an adipocyte-specific plasma protein, accumulated in the human injured artery and suppressed endothelial inflammatory response as well as macrophage-to-foam cell transformation. The present study(More)