Tadashi Kikukawa

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Uteroglobin is a steroid hormone dependent, low molecular weight, secretory protein with many immunomodulatory properties. Immunomodulation by this protein may, at least in part, be related to its inhibitory effects on phospholipase A2 activity. Although uteroglobin is conclusively found in the rabbit, its presence in the human is controversial. Here, we(More)
Recently, we found that administration of glucosamine to adjuvant arthritis, a model for rheumatoid arthritis, suppressed the progression of arthritis in rats. To clarify its anti-inflammatory mechanism, we evaluated the actions of glucosamine on the activation of synoviocytes in vitro. Synoviocytes isolated from human synovial tissues were stimulated with(More)
Field attractiveness of synthetic attractants toward males of two introduced species of sawflies was examined. It was first established that the esters of 2S,3S,7S-3, 7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol (diprionol), which have been active toward males of manyNeodiprion species, were inactive toward males ofDiprion similis andGilpinia frutetorum, To determine the(More)
Among optical isomers of 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol (diprionol) acetate or propionate tested as synthetic attractants, the 2S, 3S, and 7S isomers were most effective in attracting the males ofNeodiprion sertifer in the field. The 2S, 3S, and 7R isomers showed weak activity, but the other optical isomers were not attractive. Capillary GC analysis showed(More)
Sawfly sex pheromones, the acetate and propionate esters of 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol, were field tested for activity towardNeodiprion lecontei (Fitch). Only the acetate form of the 2S,3S,7S isomer was active. Field catch decreased with the addition of the 2S,3R,7(R/S) acetate isomer sample. Electroantennogram recordings showed a positive correlation(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a key enzyme that initiates the arachidonic acid cascade responsible for the synthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, compounds well known for their inflammatory properties. Inhibition of this enzyme may modulate prostaglandin and leukotriene tissue levels. Uteroglobin is a potent PLA2 inhibitor found in rabbit uterus,(More)
The sex pheromones ofNeodiprion pinetum (Norton) andDiprion similis (Hartig) consist of two isomers, 2S,3S,7S and 2S,3R,7R, in either the acetate orpropionate forms of 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol, respectively. The 2S,3S,7S acetate isomer is utilized byN. pinetum as the major pheromone component and the 2S,3R,7R acetate as a Synergist. ConverselyD. similis(More)
Several species of monophagous jack pine sawflies (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) were tested in the field and by electroantennograms (EAG) for activity toward the optical isomers of a pine sawfly sex pheromone, the acetate and propionate esters of 3,7-dimethylpentadecan-2-ol.Neodiprion rugifrons andNeodiprion dubiosus were attracted to a mixture of the(More)
During the past decade several corticosteroid-dependent, low mol wt proteins with phospholipase-A2 (PLA2) inhibitory activity have been described. This family of proteins is collectively known as lipocortins. Blastokinin or uteroglobin (utg), a progesterone-induced protein, first discovered in the pregnant rabbit uterus, is also a potent PLA2 inhibitor, but(More)