Tadashi Kamayachi

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The nonlinearity of cardiovascular regulation is higher in normal physiology, whereas several diseases are characterized by a reduction in this nonlinearity. Reduced nonlinearity of heart rate regulation is a robust risk factor for high mortality in patients with myocardial infarction. We investigated the changes in linear and nonlinear correlations of(More)
Accentuated sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. In this review, we investigate our working hypothesis that potentiated activity of neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is the primary cause of experimental and essential hypertension. Over the past decade, we have examined how RVLM neurons regulate(More)
Genetic factors that induce essential hypertension have been examined using genome-wide linkage analyses. A quantitative trait locus (QTL) region that is closely linked to hypertension has been found on chromosome 1 in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSPs). We used 2 congenic rats in which the blood pressure QTL on rat chromosome 1 was(More)
We used an optical imaging technique to investigate whether axons of neurons in the caudal end of the ventrolateral medulla (CeVLM), as well as axons of neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), project to neurons in the intermediolateral cell column (IML) of the spinal cord. Brain stem-spinal cord preparations from neonatal normotensive(More)
Patients undergoing hemodialysis are immunocompromised and can suffer from pneumonia with various pathogens in nosocomial conditions. We investigated the fundamental information on the characteristics of hemodialysis inpatients and nosocomial pneumonia. We surveyed 1803 hemodialysis patients admitted to our university hospital between 2001 and 2007. The(More)
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