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The transphosphatidylation and hydrolytic activities of phospholipase d in culture supernatants of soil isolates were evaluated by a specific spectrophotometric method for quantitative determination using an artifical substrate, phosphatidyl-p-nitrophenol. Phospholipase d from strain TH-2 showed the highest specific activity and ratio of(More)
To investigate the contribution of amino acid residues to the thermostability of phospholipase D (PLD), a chimeric form of two Streptomyces PLDs (thermolabile K1PLD and thermostable TH-2PLD) was constructed. K/T/KPLD, in which residues 329-441 of K1PLD were recombined with the homologous region of TH-2PLD, showed a thermostability midway between those of(More)
We developed a specific spectrophotometric assay for the quantitative determination of phospholipase D-catalyzed transphosphatidylation activity. The assay measures p-nitrophenol liberated by phospholipase D-catalyzed reaction of phosphatidyl-p-nitrophenol and ethanol in an aqueous-organic emulsion system. The release of p-nitrophenol was linear to reaction(More)
Four phospholipases D (PLDs) in the culture supernatants from Streptomyces strains were purified to conduct a comparative study of their thermostabilities. Among the four purified PLDs, the enzyme from Streptomyces halstedii K1 lost its activity at 45 degrees C. PLD from Streptomyces septatus TH-2 was stable at the same temperature. We determined the(More)
Streptomyces septatus TH-2 secretes a large amount of a protease when cultured on a medium containing K(2)HPO(4) and glucose. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity by a three-step procedure. This enzyme had a molecular mass of approximately 35kDa, and was particularly inhibited by EDTA and phosphoramidon. Its substrate specificity was investigated using(More)
Despite the widespread industrial applications of β-mannanase, the relations between the enzymatic properties and metal ions remain poorly understood. To elucidate the effects of metal ions on β-mannanase, thermal stability and hydrolysis activity were characterized. The stman and tfman genes encoding β-mannanase (EC. from Streptomyces(More)
The insulinotropic hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 is metabolised extremely rapidly by the ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV). Therefore, human DPP-IV is a key regulator involved in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. To simplify the method of producing an inhibitory peptide against DPP-IV, we focused on rice bran (RB) as a(More)
UNLABELLED The plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum uses a large repertoire of type III effector proteins to succeed in infection. To clarify the function of effector proteins in host eukaryote cells, we expressed effectors in yeast cells and identified seven effector proteins that interfere with yeast growth. One of the effector proteins, RipAY, was found(More)
Using chiral-phase HPLC, we determined the stereochemical configuration of the phosphatidylglycerols (PtdGro) synthesized in vitro from 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PtdCho, R configuration) or 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (PtdEtn, R configuration) and glycerol by transphosphatidylation with bacterial phospholipase D (PLD). The(More)
In this study, the effect of temperature on the stereoselectivity of phospholipase D (PLD) toward the two primary hydroxyl groups of glycerol in the transphosphatidylation reaction of phosphatidylcholine to phosphatidylglycerol (PtdGro) was investigated. For this purpose, PLD from bacteria (Streptomyces septatus TH-2, S. halstedii subsp. scabies K6, and(More)