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We report here some efficient biotransformations using Escherichia coli strains with disruptions for the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump system. Biotransformations of compactin into pravastatin (6alpha-hydroxy-iso-compactin) were performed using E. coli strains with tolC and/or acrAB mutations expressing a cytochrome P450 (P450) gene. The production levels of(More)
Our biotransformation using Escherichia coli expressing a cytochrome P450 (CYP) belonging to the CYP153A family from Acinetobacter sp. OC4 produced a great amount of 1-octanol (2,250 mg per liter) from n-octane after 24 h of incubation. This level of production is equivalent to the maximum level previously achieved in biotransformation experiments of(More)
The enzyme involved in the reduction of delta1-piperideine-6-carboxylate (P6C) to L-pipecolic acid (L-PA) has never been identified. We found that Escherichia coli JM109 transformed with the lat gene encoding L-lysine 6-aminotransferase (LAT) converted L-lysine (L-Lys) to L-PA. This suggested that there is a gene encoding "P6C reductase" that catalyzes the(More)
Suspension-cultured cells of carrot (Daucus carota L.) synthesize and secrete a glycoprotein that is normally found only in dermal tissues (epidermis, endodermis and periderm). This protein, previously called GP57, is now referred to as EDGP (E xtracellular D ermal G lyco P rotein). We purified sufficient quantities of EDGP to obtain amino-acid sequences on(More)
Cytochrome P450 MoxA (P450moxA) from a rare actinomycete Nonomuraea recticatena belongs to the CYP105 family and exhibits remarkably broad substrate specificity. Here, we demonstrate that P450moxA acts on several luciferin derivatives, which were originally identified as substrates of the human microsomal P450s. We also describe the crystal structure of(More)
Cell walls and media were obtained from three kinds of carrot cell culture, namely, embryogenic callus (EC), non-embryogenic callus (NC) and somatic embryos (SE), and analyzed for their sugar content and sugar composition by electrophoresis and gas chromatography. EC formed large cell clusters while NC formed small clusters. Observations under the light(More)
Biotransformation using alkane-oxidizing bacteria or their alkane hydroxylase (AH) systems have been little studied at the molecular level. We have cloned and sequenced genes from Gordonia sp. TF6 encoding an AH system, alkB2 (alkane 1-monooxygenase), rubA3 (rubredoxin), rubA4 (rubredoxin), and rubB (rubredoxin reductase). When expressed in Escherichia(More)
Vitamin D(3) (VD(3)) is a fat-soluble prohormone that plays a crucial role in bone metabolism, immunity, and control of cell proliferation and cell differentiation in mammals. The actinomycete Pseudonocardia autotrophica is capable of bioconversion of VD(3) into its physiologically active forms, namely, 25(OH)VD(3) or 1alpha,25(OH)(2)VD(3). In this study,(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are caused by deficiency of lysosomal enzyme activities needed to degrade glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of repeating disaccharides. GAGs include: chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), heparan sulfate (HS), keratan sulfate (KS), and hyaluronan. Their catabolism may be(More)
A glycoprotein (GP57) was purified by ion-exchange and hydroxylapatite column chromatography from the 70%-ethanol precipitate of culture medium of non-embryogenic carrot cells (Daucus carota L.) grown with 2,4-dichlorophen-oxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Its apparent molecular mass (M r) was estimated to be 57000 by sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel(More)