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Spermatogenesis is a highly specialized process of cellular differentiation to produce spermatozoa. This differentiation process accompanies morphological changes that are controlled by a number of genes expressed in a stage-specific manner during spermatogenesis. Here we show that in mice, the absence of a testis-specific, cytoplasmic polyadenylate(More)
Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in adult animals has been reported to perturb the regulation of steroidogenesis in the testis, possibly by arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR). To clarify how AhR is involved in the testicular steroidogenesis, we carried out comparative experiments using wild-type and AhR-null male mice that were(More)
Cox17p is essential for the assembly of functional cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) and for delivery of copper ions to the mitochondrion for insertion into the enzyme in yeast. Although this small protein has already been cloned or purified from humans, mice, and pigs, the function of Cox17p in the mammalian system has not yet been elucidated. In vitro(More)
Expression of neurosecretion by nerve cells requires the levels of the transcription repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) to be very low. However, when high-REST clones of PC12 cells, defective of neurosecretion, were fused to other high-REST, non-neurosecretory cells, some neurosecretion was recovered. To clarify the mechanism of this(More)
The elongation of poly(A) tails in cytoplasm is essential for oogenesis and early embryogenesis in Xenopus laevis. mGLD-2 is a mouse homologue of Xenopus cytoplasmic poly(A) polymerase xGLD-2. We found an association of mGLD-2 with cytoplasmic polyadenylation components, CPEB and CPSF described in Xenopus oocytes. To clarify the role of mGLD-2 in mouse, we(More)
The testis-specific cytoplasmic poly(A) polymerase PAPOLB/TPAP is essential for spermatogenesis. Although this enzyme is responsible for poly(A) tail extension of a subset of mRNAs in round spermatids, the stability and translational efficiency of these mRNAs are unaffected by the absence of PAPOLB. To clarify the functional importance of this enzyme's(More)
Mouse testes contain several isoforms of cytoplasmic poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPCs), including ubiquitous PABPC1 and testis-specific PABPC2/PABPt. PABPC2 is characterized by its absence from translationally active polyribosomes and elongating spermatids. To elucidate the function of PABPC2 in spermatogenesis, we produced mutant mice lacking PABPC2. The(More)
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