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BACKGROUND A new type of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), designated community-acquired MRSA, is becoming increasingly noticeable in the community, some strains of which cause fatal infections in otherwise healthy individuals. By contrast with hospital-acquired MRSA, community-acquired MRSA is more susceptible to non b-lactam antibiotics.(More)
Staphylococcus haemolyticus is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen that colonizes human skin and is remarkable for its highly antibiotic-resistant phenotype. We determined the complete genome sequence of S.haemolyticus to better understand its pathogenicity and evolutionary relatedness to the other staphylococcal species. A large proportion of the open(More)
LSD1 is a recently identified human lysine (K)-specific histone demethylase. LSD1 is associated with HDAC1/2; CoREST, a SANT domain-containing corepressor; and BHC80, a PHD domain-containing protein, among others. We show that CoREST endows LSD1 with the ability to demethylate nucleosomal substrates and that it protects LSD1 from proteasomal degradation in(More)
In mouse, two different isoforms of ADAM1 (fertilin alpha), ADAM1a and ADAM1b, are produced in the testis. ADAM1a is localized within the endoplasmic reticulum of testicular germ cells, whereas epididymal sperm contain only ADAM1b on the plasma membrane. In this study, we show that the loss of ADAM1a results in the male infertility because of the severely(More)
Four prophages (phiNM1-4) were identified in the genome of Staphylococcus aureus Newman, a human clinical isolate. phiNM1, phiNM2 and phiNM4, members of the siphoviridae family, insert at different sites (poiA, downstream of isdB and geh) in the staphylococcal chromosome. phiNM3, a beta-haemolysin (hlb) converting phage, encodes modulators of innate immune(More)
A glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored hyaluronidase, PH-20, on the sperm surface has long been believed to assist sperm penetration through the cumulus mass surrounding the eggs. However, mouse sperm lacking PH-20 were still capable of penetrating the cumulus mass despite a delayed dispersal of cumulus cells. Intriguingly, a 55-kDa(More)
The steady-state levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their activities are regulated by the post-transcriptional processes. It is known that 3' ends of several miRNAs undergo post-dicing adenylation or uridylation. We isolated the liver-specific miR-122 from human hepatocytes and mouse livers. Direct analysis by mass spectrometry revealed that one variant of(More)
Strains of Staphylococcus aureus, an important human pathogen, display up to 20% variability in their genome sequence, and most sequence information is available for human clinical isolates that have not been subjected to genetic analysis of virulence attributes. S. aureus strain Newman, which was also isolated from a human infection, displays robust(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), regarded as a tenacious pathogen in the hospital, has recently become increasingly prevalent as a community pathogen. We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of methicillin-resistant staphylococci in the Japanese community by testing nasal samples of 818 children of five day care centers and two(More)
Cytoplasmic polyadenylation of mRNAs is involved in post-transcriptional regulation of genes, including translational activation. In addition to yeast Cid1 and Cid13 and mouse TPAP, GLD-2 has been recently identified as a cytoplasmic poly(A) polymerase in Caenorhabditis elegans and Xenopus oocytes. In this study, we have characterized mouse GLD-2, mGLD-2,(More)