Tadaomi Kadota

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We examined paclitaxel for anti-tumor activity against human lung cancer xenografts in nude mice and compared its efficacy with that of cisplatin, currently a key drug for lung cancer chemotherapy. Five non-small cell lung cancers (A549, NCI-H23, NCI-H226, NCI-H460 and NCI-H522) and 2 small cell lung cancers (DMS114 and DMS273) were chosen for this study,(More)
Amplification of the c-myc gene in the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 is considered to be one of the major causes of its malignant phenotype. It is also well known since the establishment of the cell line that a culture of HL-60 cells contains a small but fixed percentage of spontaneously differentiated cells. We show that the spontaneous(More)
The in vivo metabolism of fenthion, an organophosphorus pesticide, and its sulfoxide (fenthion sulfoxide) was examined in goldfish (Carassius auratus). When goldfish were administered fenthion i.p. at a dose of 100 mg/kg, two metabolites were isolated from the tank water. They were identified as fenthion sulfoxide and fenthion oxon, in which > P = S of(More)
The modifying potential of two Kampo medicines (Japanese traditional herbal medicines), Sho-saiko-to (TJ-9) and Sairei-to (TJ-114), on urinary bladder carcinogenesis in male F344 rats initiated with N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)- nitrosamine (BBN) was evaluated. Groups of 20 animals were given 0.05% BBN in their drinking water for 4 weeks and then 0.7 or 2.8%(More)
VP 16-213 (etoposide, abbr. to VP), an oncostatic drug, was administered orally to male Crj : CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats for 64 days and to female rats of the same strain for 15 days prior to mating at dose levels of 1, 3 and 10 mg/kg/day. These animals were then mated under the consecutive administration of this drug and the females confirmed to be copulated(More)
Paclitaxel, an antineoplastic agent, was given to Crj: CD (SD) rats of both sexes at 38, 50, 65 and 85 mg/kg by single intravenous administration to investigate its acute toxicity. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Tachypnea and decreased activity with prone position were noted for vehicle and all paclitaxel groups, and alopecia for all(More)
Paclitaxel, an antineoplastic agent, was intravenously given to Crj:CD (SD) rats of both sexes at 0 (saline), 0 (vehicle), 1.0 (low dose), 3.3 (intermediate dose) and 10.0 (high dose) mg/kg at five-day interval over one-month period (6 times in total) to investigate its repeated dose toxicity and the reversibility of toxic effects. The results obtained are(More)
Paclitaxel, an antineoplastic agent, was intravenously given to Crj:CD (SD) rats of both sexes at 0 (saline), 0 (vehicle), 0.3 (low dose), 1.0 (intermediate dose) and 3.3 (high dose) mg/kg at seven-day interval over a six-month period (total of 27 doses) to investigate its repeated dose toxicity. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. No deaths(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) was administered intravenously to rats for 3 months. Testicular alterations induced by etoposide (VP-16) at 0.5 and 1.5 mg/kg/d were thoroughly assessed with light and electron microscopy. Light microscopic analyses demonstrated disorganization and moderate depletion of germinal epithelium at 0.5 mg/kg/d, and complete germ cell(More)
Wistar rats and ddY mice were fed diet containing 10 to 3000 ppm technical fenvalerate for the major portion of their life span. Microgranulomatous changes were observed in lymph nodes, liver and spleen of both rats and mice as well as in adrenals of rats. The no-effect level for microgranulomatous changes was 30 ppm for mice and 150 ppm for rats.(More)