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Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A disease) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. The natural history of this disease is incompletely understood. To study which variables influence the clinical outcome, we conducted a study in which MPS IVA patients were asked to fill out a(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA), also known as Morquio A, is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetylgalatosamine-6-sulfate-sulfatase (GALNS), which catalyzes a step in the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), keratan sulfate (KS) and chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S). It leads to accumulation of the KS(More)
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is characterized by accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and mucolipidosis (ML) by accumulation of GAGs and sphingolipids. Each type of MPS accumulates specific GAGs. The lysosomal enzymes N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase and β-galactosidase involve the stepwise degradation of keratan sulphate (KS).(More)
The primary defect arising from Zellweger syndrome appears to be linked to impaired assembly of peroxisomes. A human complementary DNA has been cloned that complements the disease's symptoms (including defective peroxisome assembly) in fibroblasts from a patient with Zellweger syndrome. The cause of the syndrome in this patient was a point mutation that(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A disease) is an autosomal-recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of lysosomal N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS; E.C.3.1.6.4). GALNS is required to degrade glycosaminoglycans, keratan sulfate (KS), and chondroitin-6-sulfate. Accumulation of undegraded substrates in lysosomes of the affected(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA) was described in 1929 by Luis Morquio from Uruguay and James Brailsford from England, and was later found as an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease. MPS IVA is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the enzyme, N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS). Reduced GALNS activity results in impaired(More)
The peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs), including Zellweger syndrome (ZS), neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD) and infantile Refsum disease (IRD), are autosomal recessive diseases caused by deficiency of peroxisome assembly as well as malfunction of peroxisomes, where >10 genotypes have been reported. ZS patients manifest the most severe clinical and(More)
Peroxisomal beta-oxidation proceeds from enoyl-CoA through D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA by the D-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase/D-3-hydroxy-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional protein (d-bifunctional protein), and the oxidation of bile-acid precursors also has been suggested as being catalyzed by the d-bifunctional protein. Because of the important(More)
Freeze-thawed rat liver mitochondria were extensively washed with potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, and the residue was extracted with 10 mM potassium phosphate, pH 7.5, 1% (w/v) sodium cholate, 0.5 M KCl. The four beta-oxidation enzyme activities of the washes and the last extract were assayed with substrates of various carbon chain lengths. Our data suggest(More)
Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase was extracted from the washed membrane fraction of frozen rat liver mitochondria with buffer containing detergent and then was purified. This enzyme is an oligomer with a molecular mass of 460 kDa and consisted of 4 mol of large polypeptide (79 kDa) and 4 mol of small polypeptides (51 and 49 kDa). The purified(More)