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The primary defect arising from Zellweger syndrome appears to be linked to impaired assembly of peroxisomes. A human complementary DNA has been cloned that complements the disease's symptoms (including defective peroxisome assembly) in fibroblasts from a patient with Zellweger syndrome. The cause of the syndrome in this patient was a point mutation that(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS) deficiency. In recent studies of enzyme replacement therapy for animal models with lysosomal storage diseases, cellular and humoral immune responses to the injected enzymes have been recognized as major impediments to effective(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the electroclinical manifestation of epileptic seizures and the evolution of epilepsy in patients with peroxisomal diseases. METHODS Retrospective review of the medical records and EEGs of 14 patients with peroxisomal diseases: seven with Zellweger syndrome (ZS), two with neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD), two with acyl-CoA oxidase(More)
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TP), an enzyme of beta-oxidation, is a multienzyme complex composed of four molecules of the alpha-subunit (HADHA) containing the enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase domains and four molecules of the beta-subunit (HADHB) containing the 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase domain. An inborn error of this enzyme(More)
In a patient with holoprosencephaly, partial seizures had various initial ictal symptoms, and ictal EEGs showed epileptogenic foci in the right and left brain. Partial seizures did not culminate in secondary generalized tonic-clonic convulsions. Characteristic malformed structures contribute to the absence of secondary generalization and the presence of(More)
Ten Japanese boys with childhood adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), one adult patient with adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), and two presymptomatic ALD boys were treated with dietary erucic acid (C22:1) for more than 12 months; except in a case of childhood ALD patient who died 7 months after beginning erucic acid therapy. During erucic acid therapy, the serum levels(More)
We examined neuroradiological computerized tomography (CT) findings and the clinical course of four Japanese children with glutaric aciduria type I (GA1) whose enzyme activity of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase was undetectable. Brain CT in all cases examined showed low density white matter, fluid collection in bilateral frontotemporal regions (particularly(More)
We studied the metabolism of radioactive fatty acids in cultured skin fibroblasts from patients with adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) and Zellweger syndrome (ZS) to clarify the physiological significance of the fatty acid elongation system in the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLFA) in ALD. A substantial amount of radioactive C26:0 was synthesized(More)
Peroxisome biogenesis disorders, including Zellweger syndrome (ZS), neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD) and infantile Refsum disease, are lethal hereditary diseases caused by abnormalities in peroxisomal assembly. To date, 12 genotypes have been identified. We now have evidence that the complete human cDNA encoding Pex13p, an SH3 protein of a docking(More)
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzymes essential for catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Accumulation of undegraded GAGs results in dysfunction of multiple organs, resulting in distinct clinical manifestations. A range of methods have been developed to measure specific GAGs(More)