Tadao Ishikura

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The consistency and coordination of release parameters in ball-throwing movements were investigated. The authors used a newly developed index of coordination for release parameters (ICRP) that quantifies the degree of improvement of performance consistency caused by compensatory relationships among parameters (i.e., not caused by consistency of parameters).(More)
This study examined the effects of reduced relative frequency of knowledge of results (KR) on learning to putt in golf. Participants (19 men and 15 women) putted a golf ball, stopping the ball on a line at a distance of 3.5 m from the starting position, which included an uphill portion. After a pretest, participants were assigned as they arrived in balanced(More)
Low-skill golfers coordinate the movements of their head and putter with an allocentric, isodirectional coupling, which is opposite to the allocentric, antidirectional coordination pattern used by experts (Lee, Ishikura, Kegel, Gonzalez, & Passmore, 2008). The present study investigated the effects of four vision conditions (full vision, no vision, target(More)
The authors examined the patterns of expert and less skilled golfers in putting on an indoor surface to 1 of 3 circular targets (1, 3, and 5 m away) in trials with a ball present (and putted) or not present (a practice stroke). As expected, the experts performed better than the less skilled golfers on a large number of outcome and kinematic measures.(More)
This experiment investigated the influence of length for average Knowledge of Results (KR) and task complexity on learning of timing in a barrier knock-down task. Participants (30 men and 30 women) attempted to press a goal button in 1200 msec. after pressing a start button. The participant was assigned into one of six groups by two tasks (simple and(More)
In a mental rotation study, if the degree of the rotation angle of a visual stimulus becomes large, the response time for congruence judgment increases. Simultaneously, the cranial nerve becomes active. However, the relevance of the reaction response time to the same mental rotation angle degree conditions (e.g., the angle difference is 180o), and cranial(More)
This study aimed to examine the role of the viewing angle in determining whether two posed figures are the same or different, in terms of event-related potentials (ERPs) and cognitive load measured via response times. It was hypothesized that an angular difference between poses of 0° would be associated with the shortest reaction times and the largest ERP(More)
The goal was to examine the effect of changing knowledge-of-results bandwidth based on a participant's stable performance during acquisition of a timing skill. 36 university students experienced one of three conditions: (1) 100% KR condition during which information on errors was provided after each trial during practice, (2) fluctuation-of-range condition,(More)
The authors examined the patterns of expert and less skilled golfers in putting on an indoor surface to 1 of 3 circular targets (1, 3, and 5 m away) in trials with a ball present (and putted) or not present (a practice stroke). As expected, the experts performed better than the less skilled golfers on a large number of outcome and kinematic measures.(More)
This study investigated the effect of having a model demonstration viewed from the rear and/or front on the subsequent acquisition of sequential gross-movement patterns, and further examined how participants who observed the bi-angle model directed their attention toward the rear view or the front view in mirror. The movement pattern consisted of seven(More)
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