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BACKGROUND The c-erbB-2 oncogene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor and its abnormal expression may be related to the prognosis of gastric cancer. Gastric cancer is relatively resistant to various drugs, including cisplatin. Cisplatin is widely used in cancer chemotherapy, but the mechanisms of drug resistance are not yet known. METHODS We(More)
We applied a real-time quantitative assay to determine the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) messenger RNA (mRNA) in tissue samples. This method is based on the real-time monitoring of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with a dual-fluorescence-labeled probe and a sequence detector. A linear correlation existed(More)
Cancer chemotherapeutic agents primarily act by damaging cellular DNA directly or indirectly. Tumor cells, in contrast to normal cells, respond to cisplatin with transient gene expression to protect and/or repair their chromosomes. Repeated cisplatin treatments results in a stable resistant cell line with enhanced gene expression but lacking gene(More)
Cells of the human leukemia line K562 were continuously exposed to cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) at increasing concentrations for 3 months. The resulting cell line, termed K562/AC, showed 48-fold resistance to Ara-C, compared with the parental K562 cells. The sensitivities of K562/AC to adriamycin (ADR), vincristine (VCR) and etoposide (VP16) were similar to(More)
Human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been characterized by remarkable changes in ganglioside composition. TOS1 cells, typical of metastatic RCC, are characterized by predominance of GM2 as monosialoganglioside, and beta 1,4GalNAc disialyl-Lc(4) (RM2 antigen) as disialoganglioside [J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 16695]. In order to observe the functional role of(More)
We screened for mutations of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a typical autoimmune disease. Polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (PCR-SSCP) revealed a single mutation in exon 9 of the GR gene in 11/132 (8.3%) among 66 patients with SLE. No mutations were detected(More)
In order to obtain a good source of human epidermal cell derived thymocyte activating factor (ETAF) for biological study, several cell lines of epidermal origin were cultured. One of the trichilemmoma cell lines, KTL-1, was found to produce ETAF satisfactorily in its culture supernatant. The culture supernatant was collected and analyzed to determine the(More)
In order to develop a new therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus, we designed a ribozyme (catalytic RNA) to specifically cleave the mRNA of anti-DNA-responsible VH genes and tested for their ability to regulate the production of autoantibody by human B cell clone O-81 expressing nephritogenic idiotypes. Based on a preliminary antisense experiments for(More)
Chemoresistance is a major obstacle for successful treatment of cancer. To identify regions of the genome associated with acquired resistance to therapeutic drugs, we conducted molecular cytogenetic analyses of 23 cancer-cell lines, each resistant to either camptothecin, cisplatin, etoposide (VP-16), Adriamycin, or 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine,(More)
We describe a unique patient with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome and a 47,XXY karyotype. Androgen receptor assay using cultured pubic skin fibroblasts showed no androgen-binding capacity. Sequence analysis of the androgen receptor gene demonstrated two nonsense mutations, one in exon D and one in exon E. Microsatellite marker analysis showed that(More)