Tadanori Mayumi

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To design hybrid tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) applicable to systemic anti-tumour therapeutic use, we assessed the relationships among the molecular size of hybrid TNF-alpha, in vitro bioactivity and in vivo anti-tumour potency. Natural human TNF-alpha was covalently modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG) of various number-average molecular(More)
Studies on the interactions of endothelial cells and glial cells are of increasing importance for the understanding of the formation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and for the reconstruction of BBB properties in cultured brain capillary endothelial cells in vitro. Many methods have been used to examine cell-cell interactions, including conditioned medium,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs), the most effective antigen-presenting cells, are being studied as adjuvants or antigen delivery vehicles for eliciting T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity. Gene delivery to DCs provides an intracellular source of antigen for efficient and persistent loading to MHC class I molecules capable of activating CD8(+) CTLs, which play a(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with tumour antigens have been successfully used to induce protective tumour immunity in murine models and human trials. However, it is still unclear which DC administration route elicits a superior therapeutic effect. Herein, we investigated the vaccine efficiency of DC2.4 cells, a murine dendritic cell line, pulsed with(More)
Conditioned medium prepared from mouse melanoma B16 cells (B16-CM) increases the macromolecular permeability of bovine aortic, venous and human umbilical vein endothelial monolayer. Collagen, which is synthesised by endothelial cells, has an important function in regulating the permeability of endothelial monolayer. Briefly, low collagen content leads to(More)
This study was conducted to increase the anti-tumour potency and reduce the toxic side-effects of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). Natural human TNF-alpha was chemically conjugated with monomethoxy polyethylene glycol (PEG) using succinimidyl coupling of lysine amino groups of TNF-alpha. The number-average molecular weight of PEG-modified TNF-alpha(More)
We report that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha induced a strong antitumor immune reaction when it was produced in arteries leading to tumors by gene transfer in vivo. We used a mouse model carrying a sarcoma-180 tumor in the right footpad and injected the fusogenic liposomes encapsulating the human TNF-alpha gene into the right femoral artery. Under this(More)
Immune cells, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes, natural killer cells, B cells, and dendritic cells, have a central role in cancer immunotherapy. Conventional studies of cancer immunotherapy have focused mainly on the search for an efficient means to prime/activate tumor-associated antigen-specific immunity. A systematic understanding of the molecular basis(More)
Previously we reported that fusogenic liposomes, prepared by fusing simple liposomes with Sendai virus particles, could introduce their contents directly and efficiently into the cytoplasm. In this study, we examined the anti-tumour activity of fusogenic liposomes containing fragment A of diphtheria toxin (DTA). Fusogenic liposomes containing DTA showed(More)
We characterized the electrophysiological properties of calcium channels in cultured rat cerebral cortical neurons using omega-agatoxin-TK (omega-Aga-TK) by a patch-clamp technique. Two types of slowly inactivating calcium channels sensitive to omega-Aga-TK were detected. The first type showed high sensitivity to omega-Aga-TK and low recovery from the(More)