Tadanori Mayumi

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The increasing use of nanomaterials has raised concerns about their potential risks to human health. Recent studies have shown that nanoparticles can cross the placenta barrier in pregnant mice and cause neurotoxicity in their offspring, but a more detailed understanding of the effects of nanoparticles on pregnant animals remains elusive. Here, we show that(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays an important role in insulin sensitivity, tissue homeostasis, and regulating cellular functions. We found high-level expression of PPARgamma in embryo mouse brain and neural stem cells (NSCs), in contrast to extremely low levels in adult mouse brain. Here, we show that PPARgamma mediates the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) is one of the nuclear receptors that plays a central role in adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. PPAR gamma has also recently been recognized as an endogenous regulator of intestinal inflammation. However, its levels are decreased during chronic inflammation in(More)
BACKGROUND PEGylation of adenovirus vectors (Ads) is an attractive strategy in gene therapy. Although many types of PEGylated Ad (PEG-Ads), which exhibit antibody evasion activity and long plasma half-life, have been developed, their entry into cells has been prevented by steric hindrance by polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains. Likewise, sufficient gene(More)
In order to design an optimized liposome immunoadjuvant for inducing cell-mediated immune response against soluble proteinaceous antigens, we investigated the effect of liposomal surface charge on the immunoadjuvant action. Positively charged liposomes containing soluble antigens functioned as a more potent inducer of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are widely applied in basic research, medicine, and the pharmaceutical industry. Recently, applications and generations of MAbs have been increasingly attracting attention in many research areas since MAbs could be produced in large quantities with the development of genetic technology and antibody engineering. On the other(More)
Currently, nanomaterials (NMs) with particle sizes below 100 nm have been successfully employed in various industrial applications in medicine, cosmetics and foods. On the other hand, NMs can also be problematic in terms of eliciting a toxicological effect by their small size. However, biological and/or cellular responses to NMs are often inconsistent and(More)
Nineteen DNA samples that carry integrated hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were isolated from seven independent human hepatomas by molecular cloning, and their structures were determined. The results, combined with reported data, were analyzed so that one can obtain insights into the mechanisms of integration of this virus DNA and possible rearrangements that(More)
The macromolecular permeability of cultured bovine aortic, bovine venous, and human umbilical vein endothelial cell monolayers was decreased significantly in culture medium containing L-ascorbic acid (Asc Acid; 0.01-0.1 mM) and L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P). Dithiothreitol, which shows reducing activity equivalent to that of Asc Acid, did not affect(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor, whose activation has been linked to several physiologic pathways including those related to the regulation of insulin sensitivity. Here, we investigate effects of PPARgamma specific ligands, rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, on formation of nitrotyrosine and increased(More)