Tadamichi Shimizu

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The pathogeneses of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), both severe blistering diseases usually associated with drug intake, are not fully elucidated. Histologically, both TEN and SJS are characterized by extensive keratinocyte apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that keratinocyte apoptosis in TEN and SJS was induced by a(More)
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has recently been shown to be the most potent inhibitor of angiogenesis in the mammalian eye, and is involved in the pathogenesis of angiogenic eye disease such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy. However, a functional role for PEDF in tumor growth and angiogenesis remains to be determined. In this study, we have(More)
Platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) have been reported to possess anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities. However, the biological activity and mechanism of action of nano-Pt in inflammation are still unknown. The present study was designed to determine the in-vitro anti-inflammatory effects of nano-Pt on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW(More)
To determine whether macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is required for contact hypersensitivity (CHS) response, MIF-deficient (MIF KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were sensitized with trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB) or oxazolone on their abdominal skin and challenged on the dorsum skin of one ear 5 days later. Significant ear swelling was observed in(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder with a high prevalence (3-5%) in the Caucasian population. Although the number of capillary vessels increases in psoriatic lesions, there have been few reports that have specifically examined the role of angiogenesis in psoriasis. Angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGE), nonenzymatically glycated protein derivatives, have been implicated in the development and progression of diabetic angiopathies, including skin dermopathy. Nevertheless, the involvement of AGE in the development and progression of melanoma has not been fully elucidated. In this study we investigated the expression(More)
The symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD) are often aggravated by stress, and AD can also lead to psychological stress due to social isolation and discrimination. The salivary cortisol level reflects psychological stress, and it is a good index to assess chronic stress. In this study, we measured the salivary cortisol levels in patients with AD (n = 30) and(More)
Alkannin is an active constituent from the root extract of Alkanna tinctoria of the Boraginaceae family and it may have utility as a heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) inducer in living organisms. Here, the effects of alkannin-induced HSP70 on ultraviolet (UV) B (40 mJ/cm(2))-induced apoptosis were investigated in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells. Pretreatment of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to be responsible for dermal photoaging in human skin. In the present study, we evaluated the involvement of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in MMP-1 expression under ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation in cultured human dermal fibroblasts. UVA (20 J/cm(2)) up-regulates MIF production, and UVA-induced(More)