Tadakazu Shimoda

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Background. The presence of lymph node metastasis (LNM) is the most important prognostic factor for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). A D2 gastrectomy has been the gold standard treatment. Strict criteria for endoscopic mucosal resection have been widely accepted in Japan. There are some trials aimed at expanding the indications for local(More)
Depth of submucosal invasion (SM depth) in submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma (SICC) is considered an important predictive factor for lymph node metastasis. However, no nationwide reports have clarified the relationship between SM depth and rate of lymph node metastasis. Our aim was to investigate the correlations between lymph node metastasis and SM(More)
Gastric cancer is classified into intestinal and diffuse types, the latter including a highly malignant form, linitis plastica. A two-stage genome-wide association study (stage 1: 85,576 SNPs on 188 cases and 752 references; stage 2: 2,753 SNPs on 749 cases and 750 controls) in Japan identified a significant association between an intronic SNP (rs2976392)(More)
Endoscopic resection (ER) has been accepted as minimally invasive treatment in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) who have a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis. It has already been determined which lesions in differentiated-type EGC present a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis, and ER is being performed for these lesions. In contrast, no(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Sonic hedgehog (SHH) and Indian hedgehog (IHH) have cell-specific actions in some organs. Only SHH has been shown to regulate parietal cell differentiation. This study examined whether SHH, 2 other ligands IHH and Desert hedgehog, and receptors or downstream targets are expressed in normal gastric epithelium or in intestinal and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Two major types of gastric cancer, intestinal and diffuse, develop through distinct mechanisms; the diffuse type is considered to be more influenced by genetic factors, although the mechanism is unknown. Our previous genome-wide association study associated 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with diffuse-type gastric cancer (DGC); 1(More)
Lymph node metastasis occurs in as many as 16% of patients with submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma. We investigated the association between histopathological factors and lymph node metastases in 322 consecutive patients with submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma who had undergone radical colectomy with lymph node dissection to detect patients at(More)
We studied the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 20 cases of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma to identify prognostic factors. The 20 patients ranged in age from 13 to 80 years (mean, 40 y); 12 patients were male and 8 were female. The tumors presented as deep soft-tissue or subcutaneous masses on the inguinal region in five, the thigh(More)
PURPOSE If it were possible to identify the features of primary colorectal carcinoma that were associated with liver metastasis, these features could be used as predictors of liver metastasis. METHODS From January 1995 to December 1997, 648 consecutive cases of colorectal carcinoma were recorded at the Department of Surgery, National Cancer Center(More)