Tadahiko Mashino

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Increasing the intracellular flux of O-2 by incubating aerobic Escherichia coli with paraquat or plumbagin markedly lowered the alpha, beta-dihydroxyisovalerate dehydratase activity detectable in extracts from these cells. This effect was not seen in the absence of dioxygen and was exacerbated by inhibiting protein biosynthesis with chloramphenicol. These(More)
The H1N1 influenza A virus, which originated in swine, caused a global pandemic in 2009, and the highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus has also caused epidemics in Southeast Asia in recent years. Thus, the threat from influenza A remains a serious global health issue, and novel drugs that target these viruses are highly desirable. Influenza A RNA(More)
We have already reported that the quinol formation from some para-alkylphenols, which is a novel metabolic pathway catalyzed by cytochrome P-450, occurs in a rat liver microsomal system (). In the present study, we investigated whether estrone and 17beta-estadiol, each of which contains a p-alkylphenol moiety, are also oxidized into the corresponding(More)
When various p-substituted phenols (substituent = NO2, CN, CH2OH, COCH3, COPh, COOH, F, Cl, and Br) were incubated with rat liver microsomes, the substituent was eliminated to produce hydroquinone, and the reaction was inhibited by CO and a cytochrome P450-specific inhibitor. In the case of p-cresol (substituent = CH3), p-toluquinol was formed instead of(More)
A polyacrylic acid (PAA)-protected platinum nanoparticle species (PAA-Pt) was prepared by alcohol reduction of hexachloroplatinate. The PAA-Pt nanoparticles were well dispersed and homogeneous in size with an average diameter of 2.0 +/- 0.4 nm (n = 200). We used electron spin resonance to quantify the residual peroxyl radical ([Formula: see text]) generated(More)
The interactions of urea, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), and related solutes on a number of enzymes were examined. Urea inhibited enzymatic activity and accelerated the thermal inactivation of catalase, whereas TMAO activated some enzymes but inhibited others. The effects of urea and of TMAO, whether parallel or in opposition, were exerted independently.(More)
Flavonoids are widely distributed in many fruits and plants, and it has been shown that most flavonoids have anti-inflammatory activity; however, the mechanisms of how the flavonoids exhibit their anti-inflammatory activity have not been clarified. We therefore focus on flavonoids Apigenin, Luteolin and Fisetin because of their related structure. We found(More)
14C-Labeled 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ) and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ) were synthesized, and their metabolism and tissue distribution were studied. Both compounds showed similar metabolic patterns. In 24 hr after po administration (50 mg/kg) to rats, 76% of TIQ and 72% of 1MeTIQ were excreted unchanged, and 2.7 and 8.7% were(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA), an industrial chemical with estrogenic activity, was investigated as a substrate for the ipso-metabolism catalyzed by microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450). BPA was expected to be transformed to a quinol via an ipso-addition reaction; however, hydroquinone (HQ) was detected as a metabolite via an ipso-substitution reaction. Isopropenylphenol(More)
p62/Sqstm1 is a multifunctional protein involved in cell survival, growth and death, that is degraded by autophagy. Amplification of the p62/Sqstm1 gene, and aberrant accumulation and phosphorylation of p62/Sqstm1, have been implicated in tumour development. Herein, we reveal the molecular mechanism of p62/Sqstm1-dependent malignant progression, and suggest(More)