Tadaaki Yokoyama

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Severe injury activates many stress-related and inflammatory pathways that can lead to a systemic hypermetabolic state. Prior studies using perfused hypermetabolic rat livers have identified intrinsic metabolic flux changes that were not dependent upon the continual presence of elevated stress hormones and substrate loads. We investigated the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Severe burns cause dramatic alterations in liver and whole-body metabolism. Recently, there has been interest in using dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) as a treatment for trauma patients, and enhanced survival and immune function have been reported using DHEA in animal trauma models. The specific effects of DHEA on hepatic metabolism following burn(More)
A clearer picture of the hepatic metabolic pathways affected by fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) would help develop nutritional support and nonsurgical therapies for FHF. We characterized the evolution of hepatic metabolism in a rat model of FHF using an isolated perfused liver system together with a mass-balance model of intermediary metabolism. Principal(More)
SMAD4 is a critical cofactor in signal transduction pathways activated in response to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-related ligands, regulating cell growth and differentiation. The roles played by SMAD4 inactivation in tumours highlighted it as a tumour-suppressor gene. However, restoration of the TGF-beta antiproliferative pathway following(More)
Injury from a severe burn or trauma can propel the body into a hypermetabolic state that can lead to the significant erosion of lean muscle mass. Investigations describing this process have been somewhat limited due to the lack of adequate experimental models. Here we report the use of a perfused rat hindquarter preparation to study the consequences of a(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor gene is an important target for the gene therapy of cancers, and clinical trials targeting this gene have been conducted. Some cancers, however, are refractory to p53 gene therapy. Therefore, it has been combined with other therapies, including chemo-therapy and radiotherapy, to enhance the cytopathic effect of p53 induction. The(More)
MOTIVATIONS Classification of biological samples for diagnostic purposes is a difficult task because of the many decisions involved on the number, type and functional manipulations of the input variables. This study presents a generally applicable strategy for systematic formulation of optimal diagnostic indexes. To this end, we develop a novel set of(More)
In order to develop an effective therapeutic intervention for patients with pancreatic cancer, we analyzed the association of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) with the clinicopathological features of the disease. Based on these results, we are developing a new gene therapy that targets the genetic character of pancreatic cancer, using mutant adenoviruses that(More)
To date, the events that mediate tumor progression in pancreatic cancer are still poorly understood. Cytogenetic, allelotype, and somatic cell hybrid studies in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma have suggested that chromosome 18 may carry tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), including SMAD4. We previously identified that LOH of 18q at the SMAD4 locus, along with(More)
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