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Live imaging of the actin cytoskeleton is crucial for the study of many fundamental biological processes, but current approaches to visualize actin have several limitations. Here we describe Lifeact, a 17-amino-acid peptide, which stained filamentous actin (F-actin) structures in eukaryotic cells and tissues. Lifeact did not interfere with actin dynamics in(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) control bioavailability, activity, and distribution of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)1 and -2 through high-affinity IGFBP/IGF complexes. IGF-binding sites are found on N- and C-terminal fragments of IGFBPs, the two conserved domains of IGFBPs. The relative contributions of these domains to IGFBP/IGF(More)
Binding proteins for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) IGF-I and IGF-II, known as IGFBPs, control the distribution, function and activity of IGFs in various cell tissues and body fluids. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) is known to modulate the stimulatory effects of IGFs and is the major IGF-binding protein in bone tissue. We have(More)
The 120,000 M(r) gelation factor and alpha-actinin are among the most abundant F-actin cross-linking proteins in Dictyostelium discoideum. Both molecules are rod-shaped homodimers. Each monomer chain is comprised of an actin-binding domain and a rod domain. The rod domain of the gelation factor consists of six 100-residue repetitive segments with high(More)
BACKGROUND Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are large modular enzymes responsible for the synthesis of a variety of microbial bioactive peptides. They consist of modules that each recognise and incorporate one specific amino acid into the peptide product. A module comprises several domains, which carry out the individual reaction steps. After(More)
Dictyostelium discoideum filamin (ddFLN) is a two-chain F-actin crosslinking protein with an N-terminal actin-binding domain and a rod domain constructed from six tandem repeats of a 100 residue motif that has an immunoglobulin (Ig) fold. We report the 2.8 A resolution crystal structure of a homodimer of rod repeats 4, 5 and 6. The two chains are arranged(More)
Targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 immunologic checkpoint with monoclonal antibodies has recently provided breakthrough progress in the treatment of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and other types of cancer. Small-molecule drugs interfering with this pathway are highly awaited, but their development is hindered by insufficient structural information. This study(More)
Filamins are elongated homodimeric proteins that crosslink F-actin. Each monomer chain of filamin comprises an actin-binding domain, and a rod segment consisting of six (Dictyostelium filamin) up to 24 (human filamin) highly homologous repeats of approximately 96 amino acid residues, which adopt an immunoglobulin-like fold. Two hinges in the rod segment,(More)
The structure of a folded core of IL-16 is similar to that of intracellular protein modules called PDZ domains. IL-16 is thus the first extracellular protein found to have a PDZ-like fold. However, it does not exhibit normal peptide binding properties of PDZ domains. This is due to alterations of the structure at the 'PDZ-like binding site' of IL-16 (the(More)
MOTIVATION Obtaining soluble proteins in sufficient concentrations is a recurring limiting factor in various experimental studies. Solubility is an individual trait of proteins which, under a given set of experimental conditions, is determined by their amino acid sequence. Accurate theoretical prediction of solubility from sequence is instrumental for(More)