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We performed denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of exons 4, 5, 6 and their exon-intron boundaries of the LPL-gene in 169 unrelated male patients suffering from familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH). Twenty patients were found to carry a nucleotide substitution in exon 6. Sequence and PCR/digestion analysis revealed one common mutation(More)
Subjects with combined hyperlipidemia (CHL) were screened for mutations in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene by single-strand conformational polymorphism, and a previously reported G-->A DNA sequence change in exon 2, causing substitution of Asp by Asn at position 9, was identified in 2 individuals. Because this substitution destroys a recognition site for(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the lipolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and the gene coding for LPL is therefore a candidate gene in atherogenesis. We previously demonstrated that two amino acid substitutions in LPL, the Asn291-Ser and the Asp9-Asn, are associated with elevated triglycerides and lower HDL(More)
This report describes the association between a frequent mutation in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene and HDL cholesterol levels. It concerns a previously described defect that predicts a premature truncation of the LPL protein (447stop). We determined the frequency of this mutation in three groups of healthy men with low-, middle-, and upper-decile HDL(More)
Previous studies had pointed to an important function of a putative exposed loop in the C-terminal domain of lipoprotein lipase for activity against emulsified lipid substrates. This loop contains 3 tryptophan residues (Trp390, Trp393, and Trp394). We have expressed and characterized lipase mutants with tryptophan to alanine substitutions at positions 55,(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) plays a crucial role in the regulation of lipoprotein metabolism by hydrolysing the core triglycerides of circulating chylomicrons and VLDL. Human, bovine, mouse, and guinea pig complementary DNA clones have recently been isolated and the organization of the human LPL gene is now known to comprise 10 exons spanning approximately 30(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients suffering from premature coronary artery disease report a family history for such events. A mutation in a particular gene, which confers susceptibility for atherosclerosis, will be found more frequently in individuals suffering from coronary atherosclerosis than in the general population. We have recently reported the identification(More)
We are studying naturally occurring mutations in the gene for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) to advance our knowledge about the structure/function relationships for this enzyme. We and others have previously described 11 mutations in human LPL gene and until now none of these directly involves any of the residues in the proposed Asp156-His241-Ser132 catalytic(More)
Mutations in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene are the most common cause of familial chylomicronemia. Here we define the molecular basis of LPL deficiency in four patients of German, French, Dutch, and Chinese descent. We show that two of the probands of Dutch and Chinese origin have a previously described Arg243His mutation while the patients of German and(More)
125I-Antithrombin III metabolism studies were performed in 2 patients with ischemic and ulcerative colitis, respectively. Both patients had acquired antithrombin III deficiency and objectively diagnosed deep venous thrombosis. A decreased 125I-antithrombin III plasma disappearance halflife and an increased fractional catabolic rate was found in both(More)