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1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface water bodies, the determination of reference (high status) conditions in each element (ecotype) of the typology and of lower grades of status (good, moderate, poor and(More)
We studied whether and how channelization affects macroinvertebrate communities and biological quality in lowland streams of Estonia (Northern Europe). Two datasets of semi-quantitative samples (collected during 2001–2010) were used: (1) pairwise data (natural sites located upstream of the channelized sites; 22 streams, 24 pairs), and (2) background data(More)
Data on the variability in structure and functioning of interstitial rotifer assemblages are rare; however, this knowledge is essential for understanding their role in the interstitial food web. In the present study, we characterized psammic rotifer communities in terms of dominance structure, trophic traits, taxonomic and functional diversity at a seasonal(More)
As compared to macroscopic invertebrates zoopsammon communities, i.e. fauna inhabiting interstitial spaces between sand grains are largely understudied and the factors affecting their spatiotemporal variability are not well known. In a field observation, we tested how seasonal variability in the taxonomic composition and density of zoopsammon communities at(More)
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