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Development of a successful hepatitis C virus (HCV) vaccine requires the definition of neutralization epitopes that are conserved among different HCV genotypes. Five human monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) are described that cross-compete with other antibodies to a cluster of overlapping epitopes, previously designated domain B. Each HMAb broadly neutralizes(More)
The humoral response to hepatitis C virus (HCV) may contribute to controlling infection. We previously isolated human monoclonal antibodies to conformational epitopes on the HCV E2 glycoprotein. Here, we report on their ability to inhibit infection by retroviral pseudoparticles incorporating a panel of full-length E1E2 clones representing the full spectrum(More)
Development of full-length hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNAs replicating efficiently and producing infectious cell-cultured virions, HCVcc, in hepatoma cells provides an opportunity to characterize immunogenic domains on viral envelope proteins involved in entry into target cells. A panel of immunoglobulin G1 human monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) to three(More)
Hepatitis C (HCV) E2 glycoprotein is involved in virus attachment and entry, and its structural organization is largely unknown. Characterization of a panel of human monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) to HCV by competition studies has led to an immunogenic organization model of E2 with three domains designated A, B, and C and epitopes in each domain having(More)
Mechanisms of virion attachment, interaction with its receptor, and cell entry are poorly understood for hepatitis C virus (HCV) because of a lack of an efficient and reliable in vitro system for virus propagation. Infectious HCV retroviral pseudotype particles (HCVpp) were recently shown to express native E1E2 glycoproteins, as defined in part by HCV human(More)
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