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remains controversial. Although a meta-analysis of randomized trials in the treatment of inoperable NSCLC has shown a small survival advantage for cisplatin regimens over best supportive care (BSC) (NSCLCCG, 1995), treatment remains largely palliative in intent. In these circumstances, there is a need to balance the benefits of palliative treatment against(More)
BACKGROUND Policies of UK clinicians regarding the duration of chemotherapy for patients with advanced colorectal cancer are not consistent. We aimed to compare effectiveness of continuous and intermittent chemotherapy in such patients. METHODS Patients who responded or had stable disease after receiving 12 weeks of the regimens described by de Gramont(More)
Primary small cell oesophageal carcinoma (SCOC) is rare, prognosis is poor and there is no established optimum treatment strategy. It shares many clinicopathologic features with small cell carcinoma of the lung; therefore, a similar staging and treatment strategy was adopted. Sixteen cases referred to Velindre hospital between 1998 and 2005 were identified.(More)
An enhanced antineoplastic effect of 5-fluorouracil in patients with advanced colorectal cancer has been produced either by combination with folinic acid or administration by continuous infusion. Thirty-seven patients with advanced measurable colorectal cancer received high-dose folinic acid (LV 200 mg/m2) followed by 5-fluorouracil i.v. bolus (300 mg/m2)(More)
We present the preliminary toxicity data from the MRC COIN trial, a phase III randomised controlled trial of first-line therapy in advanced colorectal cancer, with particular reference to the addition of cetuximab to an oxaliplatin-fluoropyrimidine combination. A total of 804 patients were randomised between March 2005 and July 2006 from 78 centres(More)
The aim of the study was to assess whether endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) could accurately measure the locoregional response to chemoradiotherapy in patients with carcinoma of the esophagus. Seventeen patients with esophageal carcinoma underwent EUS examination before and on completion of chemoradiotherapy. The EUS findings were correlated with the results of(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose of irinotecan administered as a 5-day schedule synchronously with 5-fluorouracil (5FU), leucovorin (LV) and preoperative pelvic radiation (45 Gy) for primary borderline/unresectable, locally advanced rectal cancer. The study used escalating doses of intravenous(More)
In rectal cancer, preoperative staging should identify early tumours suitable for treatment by surgery alone and locally advanced tumours that require therapy to induce tumour regression from the potential resection margin. Currently, local staging can be performed by digital rectal examination (DRE), endoluminal ultrasound (EUS) or magnetic resonance(More)
In some clinical situations the endogenous production of glutamine may be insufficient to maintain optimal tissue structure and function such that glutamine becomes a conditionally essential amino acid. Studies in laboratory animals have demonstrated that glutamine supplementation can reduce the incidence and severity of cytotoxic-induced mucositis. This(More)
In patients with stage III colorectal cancer (CRC) who have undergone potentially curative resection, adjuvant treatment with 6 months' of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus folinic acid (FA) is generally accepted as standard treatment and leads to a 5% to 10% improvement in absolute survival when compared with a no-chemotherapy control. In stage II CRC, the(More)