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Although nitric oxide (NO) induces neuronal cell death under some conditions, it also can prevent apoptosis resulting from growth factor withdrawal. We investigated the molecular mechanism by which NO protects undifferentiated and differentiated PC12 cells from trophic factor deprivation-induced apoptosis. PC12 cells underwent apoptotic death in association(More)
We propose a mathematical model for mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, in which kinetic cooperativity in formation of the apoptosome is a key element ensuring bistability. We examine the role of Bax and Bcl-2 synthesis and degradation rates, as well as the number of mitochondrial permeability transition pores (MPTPs), on the cell response to apoptotic(More)
I t was inevitable that important relationships between two of the most intensely studied topics in biomedical research, apoptosis and nitric oxide (NO), would become apparent. Apoptosis is essential to normal development as well as physiological cell turnover. Although apoptosis in excess can manifest as tissue damage, a failure to undergo apoptosis(More)
Traumatic injury/hemorrhagic shock (T/HS) elicits an acute inflammatory response that may result in death. Inflammation describes a coordinated series of molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and systemic responses that drive the pathology of various diseases including T/HS and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Inflammation is a finely tuned, dynamic,(More)
Most evidence indicates that nitric oxide plays a role in normal wound repair; however, involvement of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has not been established. Experiments were carried out to determine the requirement for iNOS in closing excisional wounds. Wound closure was delayed by 31% in iNOS knockout mice compared with wild-type animals. An(More)
The hepatic failure associated with severe sepsis is characterized by specific, progressive, and often irreversible defects in hepatocellular metabolism (1). Although the etiologic microbe can often be identified, the direct causes and mechanisms of the hepatocellular dysfunction are poorly understood. We have hypothesized that Kupffer cells (KC), which(More)
A metabolic pathway by which L-arginine (L-arg) is converted to the biologically active compound NO. has recently been described in macrophages (M phi) and endothelial cells. This report demonstrates that transferable products from activated Kupffer cells (KC) induce the conversion of large quantities of L-arg to nitrogen oxides within hepatocytes (HC). In(More)
Macrophage production of nitric oxide (.N = O) leads to considerable alterations of vital metabolic pathways in various target cells. The present study tested whether .N = O synthesis by Kupffer cells (KCs), the resident macrophages of the liver, interferes with the secretory function of these cells. As in other macrophage-type cells, the combination of(More)
Attempts were made to promote or inhibit nitric oxide (. N = O) synthesis in a murine model of hepatic damage (Corynebacterium parvum followed by lipopolysaccharide; LPS) to determine the role of . N = O in the liver injury. Moderate hepatic damage and increases in circulating NO2-/NO3- levels were detectable after C. parvum alone. Administration of LPS to(More)