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OBJECTIVE Based on the inhibitory effects of teasaponin on pancreatic lipase activity in vitro, this study was performed to clarify whether teasaponin prevented obesity induced in mice by a high-fat diet for 11 weeks. DESIGN For in vitro experiments, assay for the inhibitory effects of teasaponin on pancreatic lipase activity was performed by measuring(More)
In order to clarify some similarities and differences of decomposition modes between 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (20(S)-ppd) saponins, represented by ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) and ginsenoside Rb2 (Rb2), the decompositions of Rb1 and Rb2 in the rat gastrointestinal tract, 0.1 N HCl and crude hesperidinase were investigated in detail. As in the case of Rb2 reported(More)
Panax pseudo-ginseng subsp. pseudo-ginseng has a carrot like root with a small rhizome. It was shown that the saponin composition of roots and rhizomes of this subspecies collected in Tibet and China was extremely poor. From the roots and rhizomes collected in Central Nepal, (specimen-PNct), only a small amount of an oleanolic acid saponin,(More)
The decomposition of ginsenoside Rb2 (Rb2) in rat stomach (in vivo) and in 0.1 N HCl solution (in vitro) was investigated in detail. By treating with 0.1 N HCl, the acidity of which is similar to that of gastric juice, a part of Rb2 was hydrolyzed to 20(R,S)-ginsenoside Rg3. On the other hand, Rb2 was little decomposed in rat stomach and a small quantity of(More)
As a continuing study of chemical characterization of crude drug processing, we have been analyzing the chemical constituents in licorice roots before and after processing. At first, we analyzed chemical constituents in licorice roots of various origins. Next, we have developed the HPLC analytical method, by which saponins and flavonoids, major constituents(More)
During the course of our studies on the chemical constituents of botanically identified Chinese licorice roots of various origins, we have identified 15 kinds of saponins and 49 kinds of flavonoids (including flavonoid glycosides). With these chemical constituents at hand, we have carried out the chemical evaluation studies of licorice roots available in(More)
High field magnetization and ESR measurements on the quasi-one-dimensional (1D) antiferromagnet BaCo(2)V(2)O(8) have been performed in magnetic fields up to 50 T along the chain. The experimental results are explained well in terms of a 1D S=1/2 antiferromagnetic XXZ model in longitudinal fields. We show that the quantum phase transition from the Néel(More)
The decomposition of ginsenoside Rb2 (Rb2) in the rat large intestine after oral administration was investigated in detail. A part of Rb2 was decomposed and six decomposition products (I-VI) were observed on thin-layer chromatogram. Among them, five products (I-V) were isolated, and identification of these compounds was done by carbon-13 nuclear magnetic(More)