TJV. Higgins

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A reproducible transformation system was developed for pea (Pisum sativum L.) using as explants sections from the embryonic axis of immature seeds. A construct containing two chimeric genes, nopaline synthase-phosphinothricin acetyl transferase (bar) and cauliflower mosaic virus 35S-neomycin phosphotransferase (nptII), was introduced into two pea cultivars(More)
The ipt gene from the T-DNA of Agrobacterium tumefaciens was transferred to tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in order to study the control which auxin appears to exert over levels of cytokinin generated by expression of this gene. The transgenic tissues contained elevated levels of cytokinins, exhibited cytokinin and auxin autonomy and grew as shooty calli on(More)
Bruchid larvae cause major losses of grain legume crops through-out the world. Some bruchid species, such as the cowpea weevil and the azuki bean weevil, are pests that damage stored seeds. Others, such as the pea weevil (Bruchus pisorum), attack the crop growing in the field. We transferred the cDNA encoding the [alpha]-amylase inhibitor ([alpha]-AI) found(More)
We have developed a rapid and reproducible transformation system for subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene delivery. Hypocotyl segments from seeds that had been allowed to imbibe were used as explants, and regeneration was achieved via organogenesis. Glucose and acetosyringone were required in the(More)
Abscisic-acid (ABA) levels were determined in triticale 6A190 kernels at various stages of development from anthesis to maturity. ABA reached a maximum at ca. 22 d post-anthesis and declined rapidly 12 d later. Associated with drying of the kernel at maturity there was a rapid increase in the endogenous level of α-amylase, apparently based upon de-novo(More)
The isopentenyl transferase gene (ipt) fromAgrobacterium tumefaciens was isolated and introduced, via a disarmed binary vector, into tobacco using theAgrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer system. The expression of theipt gene was monitored by RNA hybridization, western blotting and cytokinin analysis. The addition of auxin to the media rapidly(More)
Soybean leaf senescence, leaf abscission, and pod yellowing were markedly delayed by sprays of 10−4 M 6-benzylamino-9-(tetrahydropyran-2-yl)purine plus 5×10−5 M α-naphthalene acetic acid. The pods on the sprayed plants turned yellow 5–7 days later than those on the control plants, and the treated leaves remained dark green even when the pods had already(More)
This review describes work aimed at the improvement of the nutritive value of grain and forage legumes using gene transfer techniques. Two traits which are amenable to manipulation by genetic engineering have been identified. These are plant protein quality and lignin content. In order to increase the quality of protein provided by the legume grains peas(More)
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