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Forty patients presenting with obstructing left colon tumours between 1975 and 1980 were treated by a modified Paul-Mikulicz resection. The hospital mortality was 5 per cent. Subsequent mortality was largely related to the stage of the tumour at presentation and was not higher than that to be expected after an elective resection. In 21 patients the(More)
Complete atrioventricular block was induced in 26 pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs to determine the effects of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonists, xylazine and medetomidine, on supraventricular and ventricular automaticity. Prazosin and atipamezole, alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists, were administered to isolate alpha 1- or alpha 2-adrenoceptor effects.(More)
OBJECTIVES In August 2008 the British reality TV star Jade Goody made public her diagnosis of cervical cancer. In February 2009 it was announced that she was terminally ill and she died a few weeks later. A surge in cervical screening attendances associated with these events was widely reported. This paper aims to quantify the size of that effect across(More)
The general activity of rats in an open field test situation was observed following the central administration of isotonic saline and 0.5 and 2.0 mug of noradrenaline into the locus coeruleus. A significant increase in activity was found following the 0.5 mug, but not the 2.0 mug dose. The results are consistent with other reports indicating that low doses(More)
One hundred sixty horses were anesthetized with xylazine, guaifenesin, thiamylal, and halothane for elective soft tissue and orthopedic procedures. Horses were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Group 1 (n = 40): Horses positioned in lateral (LRG1; n = 20) or dorsal (DRG1; n = 20) recumbency breathed spontaneously throughout anesthesia. Group 2 (n =(More)
Understanding of the pharmacology of local anesthesia is important for selection of a local anesthetic for use in equine standing surgery. In general, the action potential is inhibited by local anesthetics by preventing the influx of sodium ions across the axonal membrane. The physicochemical properties of each local anesthetic determine the onset of(More)
We prospectively studied 18 dogs that presented for exploratory stifle arthrotomy, with or without meniscectomy, and lateral extracapsular stabilization as a result of cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Dogs were premedicated with acepromazine, induced with thiopental, and maintained with halothane in oxygen. Preoperatively, dogs were assigned to one of(More)
A simple and reliable technique for producing complete atrioventricular (AV) block in dogs by the injection of a 38% formaldehyde solution into the area of the AV node is described. This technique, a modification of previous methods utilizing formaldehyde injection for the production of complete AV block, uses the coronary sinus as the major landmark.(More)