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Plasma levels of the chemokine RANTES were examined in monkeys infected with either a pathogenic simian and human immunodeficiency chimeric virus (SHIV) or a non-pathogenic SHIV to determine whether RANTES levels were related to the pathogenicity of the virus, the plasma viral load, or the kinetics of CD4+ T-cells. In the results no significant correlation(More)
BACKGROUND Infection and disease induction of variants of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) in vivo, especially their persistence, replication and rate of disease progression, have been found to depend on phenotypic characteristics. However, the mechanism (s) underlying these diverse phenotypic characteristics remain poorly understood. AIM It was aimed at determining(More)
To evaluate the pattern of cytokines as a result of pathogenic and nonpathogenic SHIV infections in monkeys, we analyzed the cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12, and interferon (IFN)-gamma in the plasma of 8 monkeys infected with either pathogenic 89.6P or nonpathogenic NM-3rN chimeric viruses. The cytokine kinetics in the 89.6P-infected(More)
The switch from a Th1- to a Th2-type cytokine response is reported to be involved in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. To study the effect of IL-6, one of the Th2-type cytokines, on AIDS pathogenesis, we constructed an SIV/HIV-1 chimeric virus (SHIV) having the human IL-6 gene (SHIV-IL6) SHIV-IL6 could replicate in M8166, a human T(More)
Monkeys that have been vaccinated with nef-deleted SHIVs were either fully or partially protected against challenge with acute pathogenic SHIV-89.6 P. Viruses isolated from these vaccinated monkeys were all found to be the 89.6 P challenge virus using PCR amplification and restriction enzyme analysis of the env region of the viruses. Analysis of the 3'-end(More)
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